Author : Al-Rubeai, e
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2010, Volume 28, Issue 10, Pages 2027-2042
Fluidized beds are characterized by high heat transfer rates between the
bed and internal surfaces and have uniform temperature distribution that can be
achieved in fluidized bed systems. In the same time there is a chaotic behavior of
hydrodynamic and heat transfer in gas-solid fluidized bed.
Experimental work was carried out in gas-solid (air – sand) fluidized bed to
investigate the steady state heat transfer coefficient. The bed column used was
(172) mm in diameter and (1000) mm height, fitted with immersed cylindrical
heating element of (25.4) mm in diameter. The fluidizing medium was air flowing
at different velocities from fixed bed to fluidized bed of (0.006-0.078)m/s, and
three different sizes of fine sand particles were used (i.e. 63, 112, and 145 μm),
these average particles diameters were estimated by two methods (Wide and
Narrow Range Solids).
A comparison have been done with values of the minimum fluidizing velocity that
calculated analytically, empirical, and which got experimentally. The results show
a chaotic behavior of hydrodynamic gas-solid fluidized bed.
The heat transfer coefficient and the bed viodage increase with increasing gas
fluidizing velocity and the heat transfer coefficient decreases with an increase in
Two empirical correlations are proposed which can calculate wide range solids and
narrow range solids based on experimental data. The Nusselt number presented
with some dimensionless groups as follows:-
For Wide Range Solids Nu = 0.81Re0.94 Pr0.35
Where the correlation coefficient (R) was equal to (0.92) and the average absolute
relative error was (12.62 %).
For Narrow Range Solids Nu = 0.45Re0.65 Pr0.33
Where the correlation coefficient (R) was equal to (0.86) and the average absolute
relative error was (24.2 %).