Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Nanoparticles


Binary and Ternary Nanoceramic Coatings to Protect Carbon Steel in Artificial Seawater

Rana Afif Anaee; Ahmed M. Al- Ghaban; Douaa A. Abdullah

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 15, Pages 2854-2863

Binary and Ternary nanoparticles coatings have been applied on carbon steel using atomization method (cold spraying) to corrosion control in seawater. Nanoparticles were included Nano Al2O3, SiC and ZrO2. The characterization of coated surfaces has been investigated by AFM and SEM in addition to calculate the coating thickness. The binary coatings deal with 50%Al2O3-50%SiC, 50%Al2O3-ZrO2 and 50%SiC-50%ZrO2, while the ternary coating was 60%Al2O3-20%SiC-20%ZrO2.
The results showed that 50%Al2O3-50%SiC had the lowest thickness and most uniform distribution in AFM and SEM due to closing in particle sizes. Corrosion test achieved to estimate the corrosion resistance, protection efficiency and porosity percentage which indicated the role of Nano particle coating to corrosion control. These data showed that the Nano 50%Al2O3-50%SiC coating had the most noble corrosion potential, lowest corrosion current density (lowest corrosion rate), highest corrosion resistance, highest efficiency 99.651 % and lowest porosity percent 1.438×10-11. Cyclic polarization also estimated to show the probability for pitting corrosion. The coating with 50%Al2O3-50%SiC gave the highest breakdown potential equal to +69mV.

Estimation the Efficiency of Nano Particles Coating on Carbon Steel by Atomization

Rana Afif Anaee; Ahmed M. Al- Ghaban; Douaa A. Abdullah

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 5, Pages 876-886

In this work, three nanoparticles were applied as coatings on carbon steel using atomization method (cold spraying) by airbrush.The coatings includednano Al2O3,nanoSiC and nanoZrO2 materials. The characterization of coated surfaces has been investigated by AFM and SEM. All these inspections indicated that the deposition of nanoparticles on carbon steel surface was uniform and homogeneous. Thethickness of coated layers was calculated using gravimetric method, while the particle size and roughness were measured from the analysis of atomic force microscopy.With constant conditions of coating, nano alumina coating gave the highest thickness (6.2216 nm) due to agglomeration of these particles compared with others as illustrated in SEM images. Corrosion test was performed to estimate the corrosion resistance, protection efficiency and porosity percentage which indicated the role of nano particle coating on corrosion control. These data showed that the nano alumina was better than other coatings and gave PE 99.69%.
Cyclic polarization was also estimated to show the probability of pitting corrosion. The coating with alumina gave the best data for decreasing the chance of pitting corrosion.

Preparation and characterization of zinc oxide nanoparticles by laser ablation of zinc in isopropanol

Fattin Aabdulameer Fadhil; Iman Hassan Hadi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 5, Pages 791-798

In this work preparation and characterization of a zinc metal target in isopropanol liquid at room temperature is carried out by PLAL technique at different laser fluency. The effect of laser fluencies during laser ablation process on the structure properties of the NPs is investigated.
We have use UV-visible spectroscopy, Atomic force microscopy and Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) was used to evaluate the bulk atomic composition of NPs. The absorption peak of samples prepared in isopropanol solution is seen to be substantially blue shifted relative to that of the bulk zinc oxide due to the strong confinement effect. The technique offers an alternative for preparing the nanoparticles of active metal. The morphological investigation, carried out using (AFM), showed thatthe root mean square roughness is increased and the grain size of the obtained NPs are found to increase with the laser fluency.The use of isopropanol as solvent yielded spherical nanoparticles of 30–60 nm.

Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles by Pulsed Laser Ablation in Liquid Medium

Abdulrahman Khalaf Ali; Dayah N. Raouf

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 15, Pages 3058-3066

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by pulsed laser ablation (Q-switched Nd:YAG, ë=1064nm, 10 ns pulse duration and E=100-900 mJ) of pure Ag metal plate immersed in double distilled and deionised water DDDW. Spectral measurements, such as surface plasmon extinction SPE spectra of the produced nanoparticles solution were measured. The size and concentrations measurements of produced nanoparticles were estimated. UV-VIS absorption spectra of produced solution show a sharp peak around 400 nm, indicating the produced Ag nanoparticles with a narrow size ranging from 5 to 50 nm with almost spherical shape.