Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Flexural strength

A Comparative Investigation on Mechanical Properties of Various Fibers Reinforced Concrete

Ahmed M. Al-Ghaban; Hussein A. Jaber; Aya A. Shaher

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2019, Volume 37, Issue 1A, Pages 28-36
DOI: 10.30684/etj.37.1A.5

The present work presents an investigation the effect of adding various fiber materials such as (glass, nylon, and carbon) into the concrete mix for inspecting and compare the mechanical properties of different fibers reinforced concrete. Two different fiber length states of (short=3cm and long=10cm) are used in this work. The concrete of ordinary Portland cement of (1:1.5:3), (cement: sand: gravel), were mixed with each of the fiber materials at four different weight percentages (0, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2) wt% per cement content. Compressive strength and flexural strength were experimentally investigated of different fibers reinforced concrete specimens after curing for 28 days. The results showed that the incorporation of various fibers with the concrete mix generally improved the strength of concrete by improving the toughness. The flexural strength of concrete with addition of various fibers was strongly enhanced than compression. Addition 0.8% of nylon fiber to concrete resulted in the maximum increase of its compressive strength, reaching the rate of increasing to 11.08% for short fiber and 20.75% for long fiber. Addition 1.2% of nylon fiber to concrete mix resulted in the maximum increase of the flexural strength, reaching rate of increasing to 120.02% for short fiber and 211.49% for long fiber. Increasing the length of fibers increases the strength of the concrete but a little extent. Among these fibers, nylon containing concrete composite exhibits promising mechanical strength that could be easily used as low-cost partitioning wall, false ceiling, and other household purposes.

Effect of Using Windows Waste Glass as Coarse Aggregate on Some Properties of Concrete

Abdelmaseeh Bakos Keryou; Gailan Jibrael Ibrahim

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 6, Pages 1519-1529

In this experimental study, local waste glass (WG) gathered from Turkey-made windows glass has been used as a partial replacement of coarse aggregates with 0, 20, 25, and 30% percentages of replacement by weight. Some mechanical and other properties of the concrete, produced this way have been studied at both fresh and hardened stages.
The experimental results obtained from testing the specimens prepared from concrete mixes with water/cement ratio equal to 0.5, showed that using WG resulted in decreasing the slump and fresh density due to angular grain shape, whereas the compressive, splitting, and flexural strengths noticeably enhanced. Tests revealed that with increasing the WG percentage the strengths gradually increase up to a given limit beyond which they decrease. The maximum effect was reached at 25% percentage of replacement. At this percentage the increases in the compressive, splitting tensile and flexural strengths at 28-day age were 30, 38 and 31 %, respectively. The results of this study indicate a considerable economical effect from using the optimum percentage of WG (25%) as partial replacement of coarse aggregate.