Keywords : Electromyography
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2021, Volume 39, Issue 2A, Pages 295-305
In the past few years, physical therapy plays a crucial role during rehabilitation. Numerous efforts are made to demonstrate the effectiveness of medical/ clinical and human-machine interface (HMI) applications. One of the most common control methods is using electromyography (EMG) signals generated by muscle contractions to implement the prosthetic human body parts. This paper presents an EMG signal classification system based on the EMG signal. The data is collected from biceps and triceps muscles for six different motions, i.e., bowing, clapping, handshaking, hugging, jumping, and running using a Myo armband with eight electromyography sensors. The Root Mean Square, Difference Absolute Standard Deviation Value, and Principle Component Analysis are used to extract the raw signal data and enhance classification accuracy. The machine learning method is applied, i.e., Support Vector Machine and K-Nearest Neighbors are used for classification; the results show that the K-Nearest Neighbors method achieves a higher accuracy percentage than the SVM. Making high training accuracy for different physical actions helps implement human prosthetic parts to help the people who suffer from an amputee.