Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Grain size


Effect of CO2 Laser on Glazed Zircon Surface Complemented by ZrO2 Oxide

Zahraa A. Salman; Kadhim A. Hubeatir; Shihab A. Zaidan

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 1B, Pages 252-261
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i1B.1552

In this paper, the effect of CO2 laser on glaze-dental Zirconia ceramics after adding ZrO2 nanoparticles to glaze is introduced, and its improvement methods are studied. Specimens have been prepared using CAD/CAM dental machines and sintered at 1530o-C. Then the surface was glazed with VITA glaze plus (5% and 10%) Nano ZrO2. A 15W continuous CO2 laser was used as the indicator power to irradiate the glaze layer. The main phase of the ceramic substrate is tetragonal Zirconia, and the alumina content in the corundum phase is a certain percentage. The appearance of the varnish on the ceramic substrate changes the X-ray diffraction pattern through the appearance of new phases, which changes the crystallite size and the percentage of lattice strain. The range of grain size measured by atomic force microscopy was 88.46 nm to 62.18nm. In addition, the surface roughness was changed due to the appearance of crystal cores and grain growth. In addition, the addition of ZrO2 and laser irradiation changed the residual stress on the surface, which was reflected in the hardness value increased from 575 kg/mm2 to 1215 kg/mm2 after the laser treatment with the addition of 5% ZrO2. Generally, in terms of the structure and hardness of the surface of the glaze layer, the addition of 5% ZrO2 is better than 10%. SEM tests also showed no cracks in the central part of the treated area. These characteristics increase hardness.

Effect of Laser Surface Treatment on Mechanical Properties of CK45 Steel

Sabah N. mahmood; Khansaa Dawood Selman

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 8, Pages 1610-1618

The research aims to study the effect of laser surface treatment on mechanical properties of CK45 steel which is widely used in Bolts, Axles Various,Connecting Rods and Hydraulic clamps. Trails of laser hardening were carried out by using CW Nd: YAG laser with different powers 2.7, 3.3, and 4.3 Watt. Mechanical tests were done for the specimens who were used in the research before and after treated by laser such as: Tensile test, Micro hardness. Also grain size measurement and microstructural evaluation were done by using
computerized optical microscope. The results show that improvement in
mechanical properties at laser power 4.3 watt obviously when compared with other laser powers. From tensile test we show that increasing in yield strength, ultimate tensile strength Poisson's ratio and plasticity constant (k). Also decreasing in Young modulus, Rigidity of modulus and strain hardening coefficient (n). While microhardness results show that the highest value was obtained at laser with 4.3
watt power and decreased far from the surface. Metallographic of the specimen show that refining in grains size after the treatment with laser.

One Parameter Composite Semigroups of Linear Bounded Operators in Strong Operator Topology of Schatten Class Cp

Samir Kasim Hassan; Al-Taie M; Al-Malki Anam; Al-Attar Abeer; Mustafa Khaleel Ismael; Fatema Ahmed Sadeq; Radhi A .Zboon; Jehad R.Kider; Samir K .Hassan; Hussain J. M. Alalkawi; Raad H. Majid; Rawaa A. Alomairy; Luma Abdul Ghani Zghair; Hadia Kadhim J.Al-Ogili; Assifa M. Mohamad; Abbas Sheyaa Alwan; Haider L. Aneed; Assim H Yousif; Salema Sultan Salman; Abbas Hussien Miry; Abduladhem A.Ali; Mohammed Zeki Al-Faiz; Sabah N. mahmood; Khansaa Dawood Selman; Shaymaa Tareq Kadhim

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 8, Pages 1463-1470

For semigroups of linear bounded operators on Hilbert spaces, the problem of
being in Cp , 0 Keywords