Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : unsaturated polyester

Study the Mechanical and Physical Properties of Polyester Composite Reinforced by Multi Layers

Fadhil Abbas Hashim; Mohammed Sellab Hamza; Reham Raad Abdulla

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 9, Pages 1834-1843

In this research, a laminate composite has been prepared, using unsaturated polyester resin (UP) as a matrix reinforced with Kevlar fibers in different number of layers, glass fibers were added to the optimum product, by replacing one of the layers of Kevlar Fibers with a layer of Glass Fibers. Hand Lay-up method was used to prepare the test samples. To evaluate the composite material properties, tensile, hardness, impact, optical microscope tests were done.
The results of composite made of polyester reinforced with Kevlar Fibers show that the mechanical properties (Tensile strength, Modulus of elasticity, Hardness, Impact strength) increase with increasing the number of reinforced layers.
The best experimental values ofthe mechanical properties (Tensile strength, Modulus of elasticity, Hardness, Impact strength) were (190 MPa, 1.72 GPa, 79.25, and 68.75KJ/m2) respectively, for composite with three layers of Kevlar Fibers and then followed by composite with the sequence of layers (kevlar-glass-kevlar) and its mechanical properties (Tensile strength, Modulus of elasticity, Hardness, Impact strength) were (175.5 MPa, 1.69 GPa, 80, and 59.1 KJ/m2) respectively, Optical microscope shows welldistribution ofreinforcedlayers in composite.

Determination of Some Mechanical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Reinforced with Glass Fiber and Plam Fiber

Wafaa AbedAlkazem Zkaer

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 16, Pages 3313-3319

In this work a composite materials is prepared containing matrix of polymer (unsaturated polyester) reinforced with different reinforcing materials (glass fiber + plate fiber) in different values of volume fraction %. All samples for to mechanical tests were prepared by hand layup process. The mechanical tests can be classified into: bending, tensile strength, tensile strength at break, elongation at break and hardness. The study of mechanical test shows that the mechanical properties increase with the increase in volume fraction.

Studying Some Of Mechanical properties Of (sawdust/Un Saturated Polyester) Composite in salt solution

Sanaa A. A. Hafad

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2010, Volume 28, Issue 16, Pages 5238-5245

Commercial sawdust is the most common wood filler used for polyster
thermosetting and is produced from graduated particles of different sizes which has in general has a lower aspect ratio than wood and other natural fibers. Wood additives include a mixture of sawdust and short chopped fibers. To study how characteristics of fibers and sawdust influence the mechanical properties of unsaturated polyester composites .Investigations were made by studying the effects of different volumetric fractions from sawdust and fiber fillers (up to limit
of 1.4mm), then these results were compared with the properties of sawdust –fiber filled composites immersed for different periods in a salt solution of (2 N) . wood volume fractions {(20, 30, 50) vf %} selected to be added for un saturated polyester were studied which gave improvement in their selected studied mechanical properties for all reinforced composites -(only impact is decreased)- and particularly at higher values of volume fractions ,were hardness showed an improvement by (15% ) , compressive strength gave obvious Improvement by
(38% ) ,while impact resistance decreased by (16%) with the reinforcement of (50 vf %) sawdust . The above values were reduced when the items were immersed in asalt solution for (60days).