Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : solid waste

Solid Waste Management in The Hospital and Institute of Radiation and Nuclear Medicine

Azhar M.Haleem; Mukdad A.Alkhateeb; Rana M.Badri

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 13, Pages 479-488

The Hospital and the Institute for Radiation and Nuclear Medicine is one of the specialized hospitals within Baghdad city, with 165 beds and up to 213 staff work, located in an abundance of health centers area and transportation links. The current study concentrated on the most important means that followed by the hospital administration in the solid medical waste disposal that generated within the various facilities of the health center, by design information form for this purpose, included 28 questions about the manage and handling of solid waste inside the hospital. It also contained the information that was provided to us by the administrative department at the hospital. Through study, which found a weakness in separating, labeling and documentation in the solid medical waste system, hazardous solid waste volume reached 10.6%, while the domestic solid waste amount 89.44%, depending on cleaners and unskilled workers in the collection, sorting, transport and treatment of hazardous medical waste with lack of a dedicated staff to manage this process , burning temperature does not reach more than 550 degrees, causing gases emission have serious problem on health and the environment.

Activation of Integrated Solid Waste Management in Mosul City

Taha Al-Tayyar; Sati Al-Rawi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 13, Pages 468-478

Presently, generated solid wastes are considered a beneficial good and not merely unwanted materials that to be disposed of solid waste. A new type of industry began to emerge in the developed countries called -Solid Waste Industries -. This industries are worthy to be adapted in Iraq and other Arabic countries is dealing in proper way to generated solid waste.
Mosul city produces as much as (915 Tons) a day. This amount is likely to increase to (1620 Tons) a day in year 2020.
Composition and characteristics of Mosul city is approximately similar to those predominated in other countries . Food solid waste constitutes 68.17%, paper 9.6%, glass, plastic and aluminum cans represents 2.61%, 5.29%, and 2.27% respectively. Other residuals waste such as yards, rubber, wood, do not exceed 1%.
Land filling of this huge amounts of generated solid waste will need large areas for disposal. This study stresses on introducing integrated solid waste management components -4 Rs- i.e., reducing, reusing, recycling, recovery energy and composting. These components -when applied- will save huge financial, economic, healthy, and social benefits. Area needed for land filling will turned very small. Besides, employment of people and improve their livings are considered.

Household Behavior on Solid Waste Management A Case of Al-Kut City

Abbas H. Sulaymon; Jathwa A. Ibraheem; Bassim H. Graimed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2010, Volume 28, Issue 24, Pages 7037-7046

This paper investigates the household behavior of Al-Kut City residents
towards solid waste management. The paper is the outcome of a house to house survey of 560 households per week; the sampling program was based on Random Uniform Sampling for seven months period (January to July 2009), covering different parts of the city. Samples were collected and analyzed periodically. Solid waste generation and composition in Al-Kut City (like other countries) is typically affected by population growth, urbanization, and improved economic conditions. The daily per capita waste generation in Al-Kut is 0.53 kg which is lower in the low- economic level zone in the city than in other zones. Among the total waste generated in Al-Kut City, 70.38% is food waste, 4.19% plastic waste, 2.44% metal waste, 2.32% glass waste, 3.36% paper waste, 6.75% textile waste, while the remaining percentages represents miscellaneous combustible and non combustible materials. Quantity and composition were measured in order to be used in a new MSW management plan.