Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Numerical modeling

Rubber Pad Sheet Metal Forming of Round Metal Blanks into Multi Shape Axisymmetric Cups by FEA and Experimental Methods

Karem M. Younis; Adnan I. Mohammed; Jalil Shukur

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2019, Volume 37, Issue 3C, Pages 370-376
DOI: 10.30684/etj.37.3C.11

Rubber-pad forming process of round sheet blanks into axisymmetric cups is studied by numerical and experimental approaches. In the experiments, round metal sheets are formed into the axisymmetric cups by pressing them between a rubber pad and a former block with desirable shape. To investigate influences of different parameters on the forming load, three former blocks with different shapes, blank material of low carbon steel (ST12) with thickness 0.5 mm ,three polyurethane rubber with different hardness (50,60 and 70) shore A and rubber pad having three different thickness (40,60 and 80) mm . ANSYS Workbench utilized to perform the numerical part of this research. The results showed that the produced cup height is significantly affected by rubber pad hardness.

Numerical Analysis of Piled Raft Foundation on Clayey Soil

Hussein H. Karim; Mahmoud R. AL-Qaissy; Mudhafar K. Hameedi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2013, Volume 31, Issue 7, Pages 1297-1312

The piled raft foundations allow an increase in the load capacity and reduction of settlements in a very economic way as compared with the traditional foundation concepts. Due to the development of structures that use piled rafts as a foundation system, an extensive numerical modeling study was performed considering different factors and conditions. This study highlights the percentage ratio of bearing loads between the pile and the pile cap (raft). Present modeling results obtained by computer program (Plaxis 3D Foundation V 1.1) have been verified with an experimental work of the same problem using the same configuration but extended to include 8 and 16 piles with raft for different soil layers. In addition, a comparison of the present results is achieved with another a theoretical study using the program (Ansys). The finite element method through Plaxis program evaluates the effect of parameter on the load-settlement behavior of the piled raft foundation. The effect of spacing between piles on the load-settlement behavior of the piled raft foundation was also studied. The percentage of the load carried by piles to the total applied load of the numerical model for case sixteen piles with raft is around 42%. The contribution to carry the load of piles relative to the total load is decrease with the increase of the spacing to diameter ratio. The percentage of the load carrying for piled raft for the case of two piles with raft only decreases about 23% when the spacing between piles increases from 3 to 10 times pile diameters.