Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Renewable energy

Programing and Procedure Design of Stand-alone PV System for Clean Energy Home Supply in Baghdad

Sarah A. Al-shammari; AbdulHassan A. Karamallah; sattar J Habeeb

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 7, Pages 1164-1173
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i7.1976

Global demand for energy production is in an increasing trend. However, a gap between energy production and energy demand still represents an industrial challenge. Iraq, like too many developing countries, is an example of such problematic. To tackle these issues, renewable energy could be a valid solution. Renewable energy becomes necessary especially the unique location of the received solar energy and long daylight. Many pieces of research deal with maximum benefit from this condition. This paper discusses the design stand-alone PV system for one home in Baghdad and sizing all components in that system start with energy demand, inverter power, PV, battery bank, and connections with each other by design a simple calculation program. Computational modeling was performed to evaluate different designs. Cost efficiency of system performance based on the domestic market prices was estimated and compared with electrical provide from conventional electrical plants (grid and local generator).

PV/T Performance Evaluation as Electricity Generation and Hot Air Supplier for Fully and Partially Covered with PV Modules

Jalal M. Jalil; Ahmed A. Hussein; Anwar J. Faisal

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 7, Pages 1001-1015
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i7A.559

The solar energy system is environmentally friendly and the utilization of photovoltaic thermal collectors, (PV/T) has attracted more attention, which directly converts solar radiation into electricity and thermal energy simultaneously. This study investigated the air biased Photovoltaic thermal hybrid solar collectors, (PV/T) trend for two cases, denominate case one (PV/T system fully covered with PV modules), and case tow (PV/T system partially covered with glass). The studied parameters were solar irradiance and the air mass flow rate. The investigation has been performed in terms of outlet air temperature, electrical power, thermal and electrical efficiencies. A numerical model was developed using the computational fluid dynamic program (CFD) and the results were compared with the experimental measurements that carried out from indoor conditions using a solar simulator. A good agreement has been achieved between experimental and numerical results. The performance of both cases one and case two concluded that the PV/T system should be operating at a moderate air flow rate of 0.013 kg/s, which is the best mass flow rate. In addition, it has been observed that for case tow the maximum outlet air temperature and electric powers were 44.3 oC and 26.6 W, respectively. For case one, thermal and electrical efficiencies were found 34% and 10%, respectively, based on the experimental data, while for case 2, the maximum thermal and electrical efficiencies were found to be 48.9 and 9.1%, respectively