Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : numerical simulation

Investigation of Thickness Distribution Variation in Deep Drawing of Conical Steel Products

Muhsin J. Jweeg; Adnan I. mohammed; Mohammed S. Jabbar

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 4A, Pages 586-598
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i4A.1908

This study investigates the thickness variation behavior of deep drawing conical products under the effect of different forming parameters such as die wall inclination angle, punch velocity, sheet thickness, and sheet metal type. Two types of sheet metal were used, low carbon (AISI 1008) and galvanized steel sheets, of 110 mm diameters circular blanks at 0.9 and 1.2mm thickness formed by tooling set (punch, die, and blank holder). The conical dies inclination angles were at 70ᵒ, 72ᵒ, and 74ᵒ where, the punch velocity was 100, 150, and 200 mm/min. Numerical simulation was conducted using ABAQUS 6.14 where a dynamic explicit solver was used to perform forming of conical products. The results show that maximum thinning occurs at punch nose radius region and maximum thickening in sidewall region and thinning are increased with the increasing of die sidewall angle and sheet thickness. In regard to sheet type, the Lankford coefficients r-value shows a great role in thinning behavior with respect to rolling (r-values direction). The results have shown a good agreement between experimental and numerical work with a maximum discrepancy of 5%.

Temperature Control of a Target Plate under Variable Flow of Impinging Air from an Orifice

Adnan A. Abdel Rasool; Yahya A. Faraj; Roaad K. Mohammed A

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 12, Pages 3009-3026

This work concerns with experimental and numerical study for the cooling characteristics of a target plate under the effect of air impingement from orifice of different sizes D of (5,10,15 and 20 mm). A centrifugal blower was used for air impinging with jet velocity in the range (18-40 m/s). Tested Reynolds number Re is in the range of (7100-44400) with orifice to plate spacing ratio H/D of (2,4,6,8). Numerical analysis using CFD commercial code Fluent version 14.5 with K-ε RNG turbulence model has been used to simulate the flow and heat transfer in impingement jet. Both numerical and experimental results are analyzed to determine the effect of using different orifice sizes on heat transfer rates and flow structure on the target plate. A correlation is obtained for the stagnation Nusselt number as a function of Re and H/D. Optimum heat removal rate are found to occur at H/D=6. According to the experimental results which indicates that orifice diameter and jet velocity are the most effective variables which characterize the heat removal rate, a control system is designed and constructed to vary the orifice diameter in order to control the air flow rate and the plate temperature. Fixing the optimum H/D and for the used blower characteristics the control system is tested and the results show a good response for the control system for different operation conditions so that the cooling rates are increased for the heated plate.