Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : scour

Effect of Floating Debris on Local Scour at Bridge Piers

Mahmoud Saleh. Al-Khafaji; Ali S. Abbas; Rusul I. Abdulridha

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 2, Pages 356-367
DOI: 10.30684/etj.2016.112631

This research studied the effects of dimensions and shapes of debris accumulations on river’s bed scour at bridge piers by preparing and operating physical model and compared the results with that of applying a one-dimensional steady flow mathematical model using HEC-RAS software to the same geometry and boundary conditions of the physical model. TheResults of studying three shapes of accumulation floating debris (wedge, rectangular and trapezoidal) on bridge pier using physical model show that the dimensions and shapes of accumulation debris have a clear effect on the patterns of bed scour and the maximum scour depth at the pier.There is a big difference between the measured and computed scour depths using the physical and the HEC-RAS models where the software exaggerates in the calculation of the scour depths and the widths of scour hole without taking into consideration the effect of debris shape on the shape of scour hole.

Interference of Scouring action between Pier and Abutment: Primary Approach

Jaafar Sadeq Maatooq

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2008, Volume 26, Issue 5, Pages 565-569

Presented here are the results of a limited experimental program dealing with
the problem describing the scour , which is formed around bridge pier neighboring
abutment . To achieve this the results shown , generally, that the scour depends on
a distance interaction between pier and abutment . A modification factor deals with
this distance presented as a multiplicative factor used with an empirical predictive
formula of scour depth around bridge pier .