Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : electrospinning


Polyamide Nanofibers Coating by Electrospinning Technique for Anti Corrosion Behavior

B.M. Aldabbagh; H.J. Alshimary

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2017, Volume 35, Issue 10, Pages 987-991

Poly amide (PA-6) nanofiber coatings on aluminum surface using electrospinning technique under two different voltage (24 kV & 34 Kv) were prepared. The coating morphology , roughness and 3D structural properties tested by using Atomic force microscopes (AFM), surface characterized by (SEM) microscopy, and high resolution optical microscopy (HROM) , Contact angle for hydrophobic behavior was tested by shape drop analyzer , and FTIR analysis for changing in crystalline structure was performed .The AFM images showed that the PA coating on the aluminum surface have a tight and twisted nanofiber structure with some beads through its morphology. SEM images shows the morphology beads of surface nanofibers . The electrochemical corrosion of aluminum without and with PA coating studied by subjected it to aerobic solutions of 3.5 wt.% sodium chloride (NaCl) . It has been found that the PA coatings decrease the corrosion currents and corrosion rate as well as increase the corrosion resistance for aluminum in the NaCl solution .

Effects of Ambient Temperature and Needle to Collector Distance on PVA Nanofibers Diameter Obtained From Electrospinning Technique

A.R. Jabur; L.K. Abbas; S.M. Muhi Aldain

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2017, Volume 35, Issue 4, Pages 340-347

Electro spinning is regarded as an active technique for producing biomimetic scaffolds used in tissue engineering applications from synthetic and natural polymers. The technique used in this research gives the ability to produce bio-polymeric materials for fabricating engineered scaffold tissues by preparing (PVA) solution. Ambient temperature at (25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50 °C) and needle tip to collector distance with (4, 8, 12, 15, 20 and 22 cm) were studied to optimize the electrospun fibers (size and shape). The electrospun fibers topography were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Measurements were done for each (SEM) images and lead to determine the mean diameters size of the obtained fibers. Results showed that the average fiber diameter of the (PVA) electrospun decreased to the range (220–500 nm) without creation of any beads, fibers diameter decreased as ambient temperature increase to certain temperature at (45 °C) and retrain to increase at (50 °C) temperature, while increasing the distance of the needle tip to collector decrease the mean nanofiber diameter from (875 nm) at (4 cm) to (600 nm) at (22 cm).

Ambient Temperature Affect the Pore size of PVA Nanofibers Tissues

Akram R. Jabur; Laith K. Abbas; Safa M. Muhi Aldain

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 6, Pages 1040-1047

Electrospinning has recently emerged as a leading technique for generating biomimetic scaffolds made of synthetic and natural polymers for tissue engineering applications. PVA was dissolved in distilled water at concentration (10% wt). PVA 10% DW solution was prepared as biopolymeric materials for fabricating tissue engineered scaffolds by electrospinning, varying ambient temperature (25, 30, 35, 40, 45 and 50) ͦ C andinvestigated the ambient temperature effect on tissue nanofibers pore size. Scanning electron microscopy was utilized to profile the topography of individual electrospun fibers. Statistical measurements for each SEM images lead to measure the mean poresize of tissue obtained. Our results indicate that the average poresize of PVA fibertisues could be scaled down to mean values (132-300)nm smooth nanofibers without any beads, poresize decreased as ambient temperature increase to certain temperature at (40 °C) and retrain increasing at (45 and 50) °C temperature.

Fabrication of electro spinning 1D ZnO Nano fibers as UVPhotoconductor

Raad S. Sabry; Firas S. Mohammed; Roonak Abdul Salam A.Alkareem

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 5, Pages 884-894

The electrospinning technique was used to fabricate 1D nanofibers of Zinc Oxide (ZnO). Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) ̸ zinc acetate Nano fibers electrospun using solution containing PVP dissolved in ethanol and zinc acetate in distilled water were mixed, followed by calcination at 500°C for 3hours to remove the polymer. XRD pattern show the hexagonal wurtzite structure of ZnO NFs without any impurities. FESEM pictures show a network of nanofibers with diameters less than 100 nm and several micrometers in length of ZnO, these nanostructures increase the ratio of surface area to volume and improve the physical properties of the materials. The Photoluminescence (PL) of the films was studied and the energy gap and the optical properties were estimated. A photoconductor device was constructed by electroding the films with silver conducting electrode (IDE) using screen print method, The result shown that the resistance of the nanofiber films decrease dramatically when exposes to UV light. In addition, the change of conductivity with the change of wavelengths was studied also the photoconductivity was examined under different bias voltage.