Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Pulsed Laser Ablation

Preparation of Nickel Oxide Microparticles by Pulsed Laser Ablation and Application to Gas Sensors

Nedal A. Hussain; Luma Y. Abbas; Lamyaa A. Latif

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 6, Pages 1011-1018
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i6.1593

Nickel oxide (NiO) microparticles were synthesized by pulsed laser ablation in double deionized water and intensively studied using Nd:YAG laser. The obtained sample was examined by X-ray diffraction, XRD measurement which tests the existence of polycrystalline. The structural parameters introduced and surface morphology was studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy devices. The optical properties of microparticles in a liquid were investigated through UV-VIS spectroscopy. The CO/CO2 sensing properties of the NiO microstructure sensors were systematically investigated, and the effects of different laser fluencies on the CO/CO2 sensing characteristics were analyzed. XRD measurements reflected the existence of polycrystalline, the optical result shows that The absorption spectra peak centered around 360 nm and a tail extending to the red region (600 nm), the scanning electron microscopy images showed that the morphologies of NiO thin films have microspheres in various. The sample affected by laser fluence 1.9 J/cm2 which exhibits the best sensitivity for CO2 gas.

Preparation and Characterization of Teo2 Nan particles by Pulsed Laser Ablation in Water

Wafaa K. Khalef

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 3, Pages 396-405
DOI: 10.30684/etj.32.3B.2

Tellurium dioxide (TeO2) nanoparticles were synthesized directly by pulsed laser ablation using Nd:YAG, λ=1064nm laser in pure water. The AFM and XRD measurements, in combination with FTIR and UV–Vis spectroscopy have been employed for the characterization of the prepared samples. The effects of operating parameters on nanoparticles composition, production rate and size were also studied. The XRD measurements revealed crystallization structure of TeO2 nanoparticles. The particle diameter by use of Scherer's equation was calculated to be about 28. nm and confirmed by AFM measurements. The UV–vis spectrum of the colloidal nanoparticles shows maximum absorbance around the UV region, indicating the formation of TeO2 nanoparticles, which confirmed by FTIR.