Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : defense levels


Immunity in Architecture (Analytical study of the design of the environment surrounding the university buildings as an entry point to achieve the security and safety)

Basim Hasan Hashim Al-Majidi; Rasha Noori Ahmed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2017, Volume 35, Issue 0, Pages 32-47

The immunity constitutes a prerequisite to achieving security and feeling of safety, in the lives of
the people from risks and disasters which the individual and the society he belongs faced them.
Securing human from risks is one of the architecture goals since its existence. By its side the immunity
can be matched with durability، which confirmed by Vitruvius as a requirement to achieve a sense of
comfort and safety inside the building or the surrounding environment. Also the interactive between
the human and the environment surrounding him cannot be verified when there is lacking of security
which affects human role in the evolution of society. The research discusses the concept of immunity
in the environment which surrounding building ، and the general problem states (absence the clear
vision of the immunity concept and the mechanisms to achieve it) down to the aim of research as an
analytical study of the environment surrounding the building as general and the university in particular
and verification of their immunity which has become an important thing in the last time to protect
these buildings and their occupants from possible risks. As a research problem states (absence the
clear vision about the concept of immunity and its relationship with the environment surrounding the
university). The major hypothesis represented as (the defense levels of surrounding environment of
the university buildings make to increase their immunity), when the secondary hypothesizes
represented: the first one as (the physical elements around the building make increasing the immunity
of those buildings), while the second one as (Building location impacts within the surrounding
environment to increase immunity). Finally, the study concluded to the importance of the surrounding
environment of buildings and site, which consisted of natural or industrial physical elements to
achieve the immunity of those buildings, and the needs of integration between these buildings
environment surrounding deliberately.