Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Steel Fiber

Behavior of Steel Fiber Reinforced Self Compacting Concrete Slabs under One-way Bending

Mohammed Hashim Mohammed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 6, Pages 1341-1356

This paper presents an experimental investigation on the flexural behavior of reinforced concrete slabs under one way bending. Sixteen simply supported slabs of dimensions 1000mm×450mm×50 or 70mm were manufactured and tested. Twelve slabs were constructed using self compacting concrete (SCC) and four using conventional concrete (CC). Four variables were adopted to investigate slabs behavior: type of concrete (CC or SCC), longitudinal steel ratio (ρ), slab thickness (t) and steel fiber ratio (Vf). Test results showed that slab thickness (t) was the most effective factor in increasing ultimate load (Pu) of SCC slabs (up to 111%) as compared to the longitudinal steel ratio (ρ) and steel fiber ratio (Vf) with ΔPu up to 64% and 75%, respectively. Results also showed that using steel fiber in SCC up to 0.8% reduces its filling and passing abilities but it still satisfies the requirements of SCC specifications. In contrast, steel fiber increase compressive strength and modulus of rupture of SCC up to 10% and 60%, respectively.

Experimental Study of Reactive Powder Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with CFRP for Critical Shear Zones

Alaa M. Al-Habbobi; Shakir .A. Al-Mishhadani; Kaiss F. Sarsam

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 1-11

The behavior and shear strength characteristics of eight SFRHSC beams strengthened with CFRP strips subjected to combined bending and shear are studied in the present research (in addition to a 9th control beam without CFRP strengthening). The studied variables were shear span to effective depth ratio (a/d) and the deep beam effect, the effect of end anchorage of the CFRP strips with the beams, and effect of the amount of wrapping (width and spacing of the CFRP strips).Tests show that the presence of end anchorage for the strips increases the shear capacity of the beams by 12%for beams with the same properties regardless to the compressive strength.

Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis for Punching Shear Resistance of Steel Fibers High Strength Reinforced Concrete Slabs

Eyad K. Sayhood; Samer P. Yaakoub; Hussien Fadhil Hussien

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 6, Pages 1411-1432

This study is devoted to investigate the punching shear resistance of high strength reinforced concrete slabs with steel fibers by using the well-known (P3DNFEA), a non-linear finite element program for three-dimensional analysis of reinforced concrete structure.
Nine high strength reinforced concrete slabs with steel fibers and one without steel fibers, have been analyzed in the present study. The finite element solutions are compared with the available experimental data. In general, accepted agreement between the numerical results and the experimental results has been obtained.
Parametric studies have been carried out to investigate the effect of concrete compressive strength, steel fiber content, amount of steel rebars, slab depth and column dimensions on the behavior and ultimate strength of reinforced
concrete slabs.
The numerical analysis indicated that the increase in the concrete compressive strength (f'c) from 40 to 80 MPa has led to an increase in the strength by 69% and 84% for slabs without and with 0.5% steel fibers respectively. The numerical analysis indicated that by using 2.0% steel fibers, the ultimate capacity is increased by 81.7%, compared to a slab without fibers.
Also, the finite element solution revealed that increasing the longitudinal reinforcement ratio in the slab from 1% to 2% led to an increase in the ultimate shear strength of about 57%.

Mechanical Properties of Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC) with Various Steel Fiber and Silica Fume Contents

Lubna S. Danha; Wasan Ismail Khalil; Hisham M. Al-Hassani

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2013, Volume 31, Issue 16, Pages 3090-3108

An experimental work was carried out to investigate some mechanical properties
of Reactive Powder Concrete (RPC) which are particularly required as input data for
structural design. These properties include compressive strength, tensile strength
(direct, splitting and flexural), flexural toughness, load-deflection capacity and static
modulus of elasticity. The effects of three variable parameters on these properties were
carefully studied which are, the silica fume content SF (0%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and
30%) as a partial replacement by weight of cement, hooked macro steel fibers volume
fraction Vf (0%, 1%, 2% and 3%) and superplasticizertype(Sikament®-163N and
PC200).The diameter of the steel fiber is 0.5mm and its length is 30mm with aspect
ratio 60.The experimental results showed that as the silica fume content (SF) increases
from 0% to 30% the compressive strength significantly increases, while the increase in
tensile strength is relatively lower. The inclusion of steel fibers leads to a considerable
increase intensile strength, while the addition of steel fibers causes a slight increase in
compressive strength of RPC as fiber volume fraction increases from 0% to 3%.The
increase in the steel fibers volume fraction and silica fume content improved the loaddeflection
behavior and consequently gave higher ductility and fracture toughness of

Performance of Fiber Light-Weight Aggregate Concrete Exposed to Elevated Temperatures

Shakir A. Salih; Ali T. Jasim

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2009, Volume 27, Issue 13, Pages 2393-2410

Two major problems arise when concrete is exposed to elevated
temperatures. One is the deterioration in mechanical properties of concrete and the other problem is spalling of concrete. In recent times, the inclusion of polypropylene fibers had been reported to be a feasible method to prevent spalling of concrete subjected to elevated temperature. Additional problems arise due to the fact that by adding polypropylene fibers, the residual properties of heated concrete
may be adversely affected. The essential objective of this work is to investigate the effect of incorporation of polypropylene fibers or/and steel fibers on the residual properties of lightweight concrete made from porcelinite aggregate after subjected to elevated temperatures. The concrete specimens heated to target temperatures of 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 oC, at a rate of 10 oC per minute. When the target
temperature was reached, the specimens were kept at that temperature for 2 hours and then allowed to cool to room temperature by natural cooling. For each type of concrete, compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, static modulus of elasticity, and thermal expansion strains were determined before and after exposing the concrete to the target elevated temperatures. Experimental results indicated that
polypropylene fiber-reinforced LWAC showed more reduction in its residual mechanical properties compared to plain LWAC. These different are more pronounced at exposure temperature of 200 and 400 oC. Average differences of 30,25 and 20 percent were observed in static modulus of elasticity, splitting tensile strength and compressive strength respectively, for specimens heated up to 400 oC. The addition of steel fibers inside the polypropylene fiber concrete would improve
the residual mechanical properties of heated concrete at temperature range 200 to 600 oC. On average, the improvement ranged from 9 to 20 percent.

Effect of Dual Reinforcement on Wear Resistance by Aluminum Compacts Reinforce by SiC, Al2O3

Mohammed Moanes Ezzaldean Ali; Hanan A. R. Akkar; A. K. M. AL-Shaikhli; Ali K. Shayyish; Muhsin J. Jweeg; Wisam Auday Hussain; Mohammed T. Hussein; Mohammad A. Al-Neami; Farah S. Al-Jabary; Jafar M. Hassan; Ali H. Tarrad; Mohammed N. Abdullah; Ahmed T. Mahdi; Eyad K. Sayhood; Husain M. Husain; Nidaa F. Hassan; Rehab F. Hassan; Akbas E. Ali; Assim H Yousif; Kassim K Abbas; Aqeel M Jary; Shakir A. Salih; Ali T. Jasim; Ammar A. Ali; Hosham Salim; JafarM. Daif; Ali H. Al Aboodi; Ammar S. Dawood; Sarmad A. Abbas; Salah Mahdi Saleh; Roshen T. Ahmed; Aseel B. Al-Zubaidi; Mohammed Y. Hassan; Majid A. Oleiwi; Shaimaa Mahmood Mahdy; Husain M. Husain; Mohammed J. Hamood; Shaima; a Tariq Sakin

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2009, Volume 27, Issue 13, Pages 423-429

The producing composite materials of dual reinforcement in which the matrix material is aluminum reinforced with two types of ceramic particles : which are Alumina (50μm


composite materials; wear test ; Al2O3; SiC: Al