Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : catalytic

Study the Catalytic Oxidation of Phenol in both Baskets Stirred Tank and Packed Bed Reactors

Ghayda Y. Al-Kindi; Faris H. Al Ani

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2019, Volume 37, Issue 1C, Pages 175-185
DOI: 10.30684/etj.37.1C.28

The aim of this study, using five types of AL-Fe pillared Iraqi clay to study catalyst wet air oxidation to oxide phenol from synthesis’s wastewater and study the limitation criteria in control of operating conditions. Two types of reactor (Batch and packed bed) used to study operation conditions and the best conditions result from Batch reactor was pressure 3.2Mpa, temperature 130⁰C, phenol concentration 500mg/l and pH 3.9, for packed bed reactor with AL-Fe pillared clays of Anbar-Erbil, Mosul, due to high phenol removal, in up-flow mode. The results show that phenol removal is 98-97.8-95% for Erbil-MosulAnbar respectively, when the LHSV used in reactor 0.6 h-1 , and gas flow 0.28cm/s, also it can be seen that the limitation criteria in control of operating conditions, and Mosul pillared consider more stable and activity than Erbil and Anbar.

Characterization of Liquid Produced from Catalytic Pyrolysis of Mixed Polystyrene and Polyethylene Terephthalate Plastic

R.S. Almukhtar; S.I.H. Abduallah

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 27-32

Plastic wastes accumulation increased each year in the environment. Plastics types are different such as polystyrene (PS), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene (PP), low-density polyethylene (LDPE), high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC). In this paper, catalytic pyrolysis of Polystyrene and Polyethy terephthalate were studied to find the effect of PET on the pyrolysis of PS. The reaction took place in stainless batch tubular reactor to determine the effect of temperature and residence time. The maximum liquid products yield at optimum temperature and heating time(60 min) was 77% , 67.56%, 54% and 37.48% for PS, 10%PET + PS, 20%PET + PS and 30%PET + PS respectively. The liquid produced were characterized by GC-MS at optimum condition. The component of the liquid are styrene monemer, toluene, alpha-methylstyrene, 1,3 Diphenylpropane, 1-Phenylnaphthalene, 4-phenyl-1 butene. Styrene monomer was found to be the main product in the pyrolysis of PS, 10%PET+PS, 20%PET+PS and 30%PET+PS.The physical properties such as density, viscosity, and caloric value of the produced liquid was investigated ,the results was 0.9 g/cm3 ,2-3 Cp, and 40-45 MJ/kg respectively.