Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Steel Fibers

Proposed Model for Uniaxial Tensile Behavior of Ultra High Performance Concrete

Hisham M. Al-Hassani; Wasan I. Khalil; Lubna S. Danha

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 61-77

This paper investigates experimentally the complete uniaxial tensile stress-strain relationships of Ultra High Performance Concrete (UHPC) and equations for expressing such relationships are obtained. The effects of two variable parameters on the uniaxial tensile behavior are carefully studied which are the silica fume content SF (0%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, and 30%) as a partial replacement by weight of cement, steel fibers volume fraction Vf (0%, 1%, 2% and 3%). The experimental results showed that the two variables of the present investigation have no significant effect on the shape of the ascending part of the stress-strain curve, while the descending part of the curve is found to be considerably affected by the volume fraction Vf of the steel fibers used. Increasing fibers volume fraction Vf from 0% to 3% not only increases the area under the uniaxial tensile stress–strain curve, but also increases
both the maximum uniaxial tensile strength by 238.5% and its corresponding strain by about 4044%. Two nonlinear equations are suggested in this research to model the ascending and descending part of the uniaxial tensile stress-strain relationship which are found suitable to represent the uniaxial tensile behavior of the UHPC mixes.

Mechanical Properties of High Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete

Wasan Ismail Khalil; Ikbal Naeem Gorgis; Zeinab Raad Mahdi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2013, Volume 31, Issue 7, Pages 1365-1387

An experimental work was carried out to produce high performance concrete (HPC) using superplasticizer and silica fume reinforced with fiber. The variables studied were fibers type (steel fibers and polypropylene fibers), aspect ratio of steel fibers (60 and 100) and fiber volume fraction (0.0%, 0.5%, and 0.75%). The effect of fibers on the mechanical properties (compressive strength, splitting tensile and flexural strength, static modulus of elasticity, toughness, and resilience) of normal strength and high performance concrete was also studied. The results show that the optimum dosage of silica fume is 5% as addition by weight of cement with superplasticizer dosage 2 liter/100kg of cement. This dosage of silica fume improves the compressive strength of concrete by about 25% relative to concrete mix without silica fume. The addition of steel fibers causes a slight increase in compressive strength of HPC as fiber volume fraction increases, while the compressive strength decreases as fiber aspect ratio increases. Both splitting tensile and flexural strengths show a significant increase as the fiber volume fraction and aspect ratio increases. The percentage increase in compressive, splitting tensile and flexural strengths for HPC with steel fiber volume fraction 0.75% and aspect ratio 100 at age 60 days is about 9%, 75%, 64%, while for HPC containing polypropylene fiber with volume fraction 0.5% is about 8.5%, 2%, 0% respectively relative to non fibrous HPC.