Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Matric suction


Effect of Partial Saturation on Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Skirted Foundations

Mahmood R. Mahmood; Saad F. A. Al-Wakel; Muthana S. Mohammed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2022, Volume 40, Issue 5, Pages 710-721
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v40i5.2259

Skirted foundations are one of the solutions proposed to increase the bearing capacity of the soil. They assist in increasing the load and depth of failure in weak ground or soils with low shear resistance and reducing the foundation settlement if a soil improvement method cannot be applied or the cost of implementing deep foundations increases. This study examined and investigated the extent of soil bearing of skirted foundations on sandy soils and studied the effect of soil saturation cases and three cases of water content reduction to measure the matric suction value of unsaturated soil. A physical model was created to simulate the strip foundation and compare these cases (dry-fully saturated-partially saturated). It was found that the soil load carrying capacity in the case of unsaturated soil is the highest, where matric suction is at a depth of 450 mm, followed by the dry case and then the saturated case as it represents the weakest state of the soil.

New Trend to Measure the Saturation Point and Suction in Granular Soil

Ahmed S.A Al-Gharbawi; Mohammed y. Fattah; Mahmood R. Mahmood

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 11, Pages 1570-1579
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i11A.746

There are many methods to measure the suction and saturation point of any soil and the most used is Tensiometer. The objective of this research is to investigate a new trend to measure the saturation point and suction by using soil moisture content sensors (SMCS) and compare the procedure with tensiometer for the granular soil. The soil in this study has been prepared at three relative densities (5%, 35% and 75%) used. The results show that the readings of SMCS become stable when the water content is more than 20% with different relative densities. The relative density did not affect the SMCS reading when approximately reaching the saturation point.

Variation of Matric Suction as a Function of Gypseous Soil Dry Density

Hussein H. Karim; Qasim A. Al-Obaidi; Ali A. Al-Shamoosi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 6, Pages 861-868
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i6A.550

Gypseous soil is one of the most problematic types of collapsible soils which is affected by many geotechnical factors. The most important factors are the effect of loading and wetting and their relation to soil density, especially when the soil at unsaturation condition. Suction pressure is the main criteria in determining the deformation behaviour of unsaturated collapsible soil when these soils distributed in arid or semi-arid region. In this study, disturbed sample of sandy soil of more than 70% gypsum content is taken from Al-Ramadi city western of Iraq. This study interested to investigate the variation of matric suction with the dry density and their effects on deformation of gypseous soil. For this purpose, a soil-model device provided with high accurate Tensiometers and Time Domain Reflectometry sensors in addition to data logger is designed and manufactured. Tensiometer sensor is used to monitor and measure the matric suction, while the Time Domain Reflectometry is used to monitor and measure the volumetric water content in the soil mass. The results of the tests showed that there is a significant effect of soil dry density on the relationship between the matric suction and water content.

Total and Matric Suction in Unsaturated Soil with the Existence of Different Salts Content

Mohammed Y. Fattah; Asmaa Y. Yahya; Maysam Th. Al-Hadidi; Balqees A. Ahmed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2013, Volume 31, Issue 20, Pages 280-298

Soils located above the groundwater table are generally unsaturated and exhibit negative pore-water pressures. A soil-water characteristic curve (SWCC) that relates the water content of a soil to matric suction is an important relationship for the unsaturated soil mechanics. The SWCC essentially shows the ability of an unsaturated soil to retain water under various matric suctions. The filter paper method is a soil suction measurement technique. Soil suction is one of the most important parameters describing the moisture condition of unsaturated soils. The measurement of soil suction is crucial for applying the theories of the engineering behavior of unsaturated soils.
In this paper, three soil samples were collected from three sites within Baghdad city in Iraq. These soils have different properties and they were prepared at different degrees of saturation. For each sample, the total and matric suction were measured by the filter paper method at different degrees of saturation. The soil samples were mixed with different percentages of Nacl salt. It was concluded that the suction increases with decrease of the degree of saturation. The relationships between the total and matric suction and the filter paper water content are approximately linear and indicate decrease of suction with increase of the filter paper water content. All soil samples exhibit unique linear relationship between the total suction and filter paper water content and matric suction. When salt exists in the soil, there is a noticeable increase in both matric and total suction.