Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Diesel engine

Humidification Effect on the Performance and Emissions of (DI) Diesel Engine Running on Diesel Fuel with Biodiesel Blended Nano Additives

Hussein Jumaa; Mahmoud A. Mashkour

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 5A, Pages 790-803
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i5A.1935

The effect of humidification of the air on the performance of a compression ignition engine operating on diesel, biodiesel with nano additives was investigated. The experiment was carried out on a single-cylinder, four-stroke, naturally aspirated water-cooled, direct injection Ricardo (E6/US) diesel engine at a constant speed of 1800 rpm, and varying loads. A mixture of Biodiesel (waste cooking oil) and diesel fuel by four ratios (B5, B10, B15, and B20) was used in the experiment. Besides, five concentrations of Iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe2O3, with particle size 20 nm) as fuel-additives were prepared (10 ppm, 30 ppm, 50 ppm, 70 ppm, and 100 ppm), and added to the test fuels (Bio-Diesel).  Taguchi Method by DOE was used for the optimization in this investigation. The results of Taguchi Method experiments identified the biodiesel (B20), nano additive (100 ppm), relative humidity (65%). The experimental results manifested that BTE improved by 17.62% and BSFC decreased by 12.72%, while NOx and PM reduced by 8.45%, 24.17%, respectively.

Characteristics of Exhaust Emissions for a Diesel Engine Fuelled by Corn Oil Biodiesel and Blended with Diesel Fuel

Abdulrahman S. Mahmood; Haqi I. Qatta; Saadi M.D. Al-Nuzal; Talib K. Abed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 3A, Pages 457-464
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i3A.446

Environmentally friend biodiesel fuel from corn oil was tested in single-cylinder 4-stroke diesel engine operated. Three blends of fuels were prepared from corn oil and diesel fuel viz. 7, 15, and 20 % (designated as B7, B15, and B20, respectively). Tests were conducted on this engine using these blends at a constant speed (1500 rpm) and varying loads (0 % to 100 %). The emissions of carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, unburned hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxides (NOX) and smoke opacity were measured. In all engine loads, results showed that the emission of CO, HC, and smoke emissions were reduced, while that of NOX and CO2 were increased. Biodiesel blend (B20) showed the highest decrease of the CO and HC and smoke emissions by 22.13 %, 18.5 %, and 25.8 % respectively. While that of NOX and CO2 emissions were increased by 22.3 % and 22%, respectively. It can be recommended as a sound environment friend and renewable for use in diesel engines and can be used without any significant modifications in the engine design

Investigation the Morphological Characteristics of the Particulate Matter Emissions from the Oxygenated Fuels Combustion in Diesel Engines

Mohammed A. Fayad; Bashar R. AL-Ogaidi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2019, Volume 37, Issue 10A, Pages 384-390
DOI: 10.30684/etj.37.10A.1

Understanding the size and morphological properties of particulate matter (PM) is essential to improve analysis of the process of PM formation in diesel engines. These will help to reduce undesirable environmental impact and health effects. A scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) were used to study the changes in size characteristics of PM/soot and soot reactivity. Furthermore, improve the oxidation of soot particles in diesel engines is necessary under the range of different fuel combustions. Oxygenated fuels (e.g., ethanol blend, E10 and butanol blend, B16) were used in this experimental study to show how insignificant changes in morphological characteristics and activity of PM.
The oxidation and activation energy of PM was achieved at the lower temperature from the combustion of oxygenated fuels compared with diesel fuel combustion. Besides, it was found that both the size of soot particulate and the number of primary particles are reduced with increasing the oxygen content in oxygenated fuels than the diesel fuel. The shape of primary soot particle for PM is a bit more spherical in the case of diesel fuel than to the oxygenated fuels.

Experimental and Theoretical Study for the Effect of Diesel Fuel Quality Produced in Iraq on Ignition Delay Period

Saadi Turied Kurdi; Hassan Abad al-wahab Anial; Hussein Ahmed Abd Yaqoob

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 12, Pages 2258-2271
DOI: 10.30684/etj.34.12A.9

An experimental and theoretical investigation to evaluate the effect of diesel fuel produced in Iraq and blended with ethanol of four stroke single cylinder direct injection diesel engine was conducted. This study focused on the development of an empirical ignition delay equations based on engine experimental data and to analyse the dependency of ignition delay on equivalence ratio, engine brake power fraction, effect of engine speed, and cetane number .The experimental measurements was performed at compression ratio of 22:1 at engine speed ranging from 1100 to 2600 rpm with an increment of 500 rpm, and engine torque ranging from 2 to 10 N.m with an increment of 2 N.m. The experimental data from engine during test have been saved on the computerized program (ECA 100, VDAS) connected to the unit.The results show that the empirical equations of delay period are resulted as a function of ignition pressure, ignition temperature, fraction brake power with better agreement with the experimental data than an empirical equations of delay period which are resulted as a function of ignition pressure, ignition temperature, equivalence for all fuels at all speeds. E0 Basra has the highest value of the cylinder pressure with low speed at variable torque. E10 blended fuel has recorded the lowest value of ignition delay period in all speeds. The experiments also show that the ignition delay period has been found to be decreased with increase of cetane number, ignition pressure, ignition temperature, equivalence ratio, and the fraction brake power.

The Influence of Injection Timing on Combustion and Emission Characteristics of HSDI Diesel Engine

Hayder A. Dhahad; Mohammed A. Abdulhadi; Ekhlas M. Alfayydh; T. Megaritis

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 9, Pages 2216-2234
DOI: 10.30684/etj.32.9A10

An attempt has been made to study the combustion and emission characteristics of ultra-low diesel fuel for high speed direct injection ( HSDI) diesel engine at different fuel injection timings( -12,-9,-6,-3,0 )ATDC . The fuel injection pressure was 800 bar and at high load ( 80Nm= 5BMAP) , low load ( 40Nm=2.5BMAP ) , With constant engine speed ( 1500rpm) . In-cylinder pressure was measured and then analyzes this pressure using LABVIWE program and calculation program in MATLAB software to extract the apparent heat release rate, the ignition delay, combustion duration and the amount of heat released during the premixed and diffusion combustion phases . The influence of injection timing on the exhaust emissions such as carbon monoxide (CO), total hydrocarbons (THCs), nitric oxides (NOx), smoke number (SN) and fuel consumption were also investigated.
A result referring to that the retardation of the injection timing lead to increase the ignition delay and therefore the premixed burn fraction which plays a key role in the combustion and emission characteristics .this leads to change combustion mode to low temperature combustion at late injection timing.

Theoretical and Experimental Study of Pressure Prediction in Crevices Region between Piston Rings for Diesel Engine

Hayder Q. Alwan

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 11, Pages 2329-2345
DOI: 10.30684/etj.29.11.19

An engine of Zeetor type Z – 6901 of three compression rings is employed in this investigation to accomplish the experimental work. The indicator diagram i.e. P=ƒ(α) is recorded at different engine speeds. The present work elucidates the measurement and indication of gas pressure within the combustion chamber as a function of crank angle. The study contains the prediction of pressure in inter-ring
volume pressure behind piston ring during engine operation.
For verification of a mathematical model a static test rig apparatus is
designed in order to measure the inter-ring volume pressure within the range of compression pressure i.e. 1bar to 33.8bar. The comparison between mathematical and experimental results show good agreement