Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : deep drawing


Investigation of Thickness Distribution Variation in Deep Drawing of Conical Steel Products

Muhsin J. Jweeg; Adnan I. mohammed; Mohammed S. Jabbar

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 4A, Pages 586-598
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i4A.1908

This study investigates the thickness variation behavior of deep drawing conical products under the effect of different forming parameters such as die wall inclination angle, punch velocity, sheet thickness, and sheet metal type. Two types of sheet metal were used, low carbon (AISI 1008) and galvanized steel sheets, of 110 mm diameters circular blanks at 0.9 and 1.2mm thickness formed by tooling set (punch, die, and blank holder). The conical dies inclination angles were at 70ᵒ, 72ᵒ, and 74ᵒ where, the punch velocity was 100, 150, and 200 mm/min. Numerical simulation was conducted using ABAQUS 6.14 where a dynamic explicit solver was used to perform forming of conical products. The results show that maximum thinning occurs at punch nose radius region and maximum thickening in sidewall region and thinning are increased with the increasing of die sidewall angle and sheet thickness. In regard to sheet type, the Lankford coefficients r-value shows a great role in thinning behavior with respect to rolling (r-values direction). The results have shown a good agreement between experimental and numerical work with a maximum discrepancy of 5%.

Numerical and Experimental Explorations for the Formability of Drawing Square Cups Through Deep Drawing Operation (January 2020)

Nareen H. Obaeed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 9, Pages 1316-1326
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i9A.1340

This study aims to examine the formability of drawing cups having square shapes through direct deep drawing process on a single action press through one pass. This can be accomplished by conducting an FE simulation and performing an experimental investigation on steel substrate type AISI 1008 blank with diameter and thickness dimensions 80, 0.5 mm respectively. To explore and analyze the formability of such a drawing process, two process parameters have been included in this work which is the speed of punch (30 and 300 mm/min) and the lubrication state (with machine oil and dry drawing). Both direct and indirect measurements of thickness strain have been adopted as an indicator of the sheet formability. The results of both FE simulation and experimental work demonstrate that the square drawing of the AISI sheet has been accomplished for all the four cups produced since the highest thinning over the cup wall does not exceed 25% of the original thickness. Generally, there is a good match between the experimental values of the indirect method and the FEM results for all models such that the largest deviation is about 25%. The direct method of thickness measurement is determined to be non-confident as strain values are practically unacceptable. Additionally, higher formability of the sheet has been realized at lower punch speeds. Furthermore, no significant difference has been observed in the formability at both speeds of punch when using a lubricant compared to the dry drawing operation.