Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Kaolin


Incorporation of Iraqi Rocks in the Production of Eco-Friendly Cement Mortar

Rawnaq S. Mahdi; Aseel B. Al-Zubaidi; Hassan N. Hashim

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 10A, Pages 1522-1530
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i10A.1479

This work reports on the incorporation of Flint and Kaolin rocks powders in the cement mortar in an attempt to improve its mechanical properties and produce an eco-friendly mortar. Flint and Kaolin powders are prepared by dry mechanical milling. The two powders are added separately to the mortars substituting cement partially. The two powders are found to improve the mechanical properties of the mortars. Hardness and compressive strength are found to increase with the increase of powders constituents in the cement mortars. In addition, the two powders affect water absorption and thermal conductivity of the mortar specimens which are desirable for construction applications. Kaolin is found to have a greater effect on the mechanical properties, water absorption, and thermal conductivity of the mortars than Flint. This behavior is discussed and analyzed based on the compositional and structural properties of the rocks powders.

Improvement of Iraqi Red Kaolin as a Refractory Material

Amel S. Merzah; Younis Muhsin; Yasamin k. Mahmood

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 4, Pages 952-959

In this work refractory material was prepared from Iraqi red kaolin with the addition of different proportions of silica and alumina (10, 15, 20 %) for each one and the red kaolin 70%. The powders were mixed in a ball mill, sieved, formed, dried at 110 oC for 8 hrs and then fired at different temperatures 800, 900, 1000 and 1100oC for 2 hrs. The physical properties(linear and volumetric shrinkage ,apparent density and porosity) were calculated from the measured data .It was found that the higher the firing temperature the better the properties of the prepared samples for a given mixture ,the best properties obtained in this work was 70%red kaolin,10%silica and 20%alumina).

A Study of Some Mechanical, Thermal and Physical Properties of Polymer Blend with Iraqi Kaolin Filler

Najat J. Saleh; Samir Nassaf Mustafa

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 11, Pages 2114-2131

In the present work, polymer blends were fabricated by mixing two polymers
of polypropylene and poly (methyl methacrylate) mixed in different weight
percentage and different particle size of Iraqi kaolin. The study of some
mechanical, physical and thermal conductivity properties was carried out on all
composites. The mechanical tests included (impact, hardness, modulus of
elasticity, yield strength, elongation, stress at break and compression), Lee's disc
method was used to calculate the coefficient of the thermal conductivity of
specimens before and after reinforcement with kaolin powder. The physical
properties test included absorption tests, as well as X-ray measurement. The
results have shown that after the reinforcement with different weight percent of
kaolin powder, most mechanical properties such as hardness , modulus of
elasticity and compression increase while impact and elongation decrease with
increasing in weight percentage and a decreasing in particle size. The results have
shown also that the coefficient of thermal conductivity decreases with increase
weight percentage the water gain is decreased with the increase in weight percent
and decrease in particle size of the filler. X-ray diffraction pattern of filled
samples indicates that addition of kaolin adversely affects the crystallization of
PP/PMMA blend.