Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Polyurethane


Assessment of nonlinear optical properties of polyurethane/MgO nanocomposites

Marzieh Nadafan; Rasoul Malekfar; Zahra Dehghani; Mohammad Allahabadi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 7, Pages 1175-1178

The third-order optical nonlinearities of polyurethane open cell (PUOC)/MgOnanocomposites, dissolved in dimethylformamide are characterized by Z-scan technique with continuous-wave (CW) Nd:YAG laser at its second harmonic frequency of 532 nm with TEM00 Gaussian profile. The synthesized samples are also characterized by scanning electron microscopy imaging. The nonlinear refractive indices and nonlinear absorption coefficients of the synthesized samples are obtained in the order of 10-8 cm2/W with negative sign and 10-5 cm2/W, respectively. The origin of optical nonlinearity in this case may be attributed due to the presence of strong saturable absorption effect. All the results suggest that the nonlinear coefficients of the synthesized samples can be controlled by the nanoparticles contents into PUOC. Furthermore, the results show that PUOC/MgO may be helpful candidate for the application in nonlinear optical field in the visible region.

Ceramic Filled Polymer Matrix Composite Used For Bio-Medical Application

Waleed Asim Hanna; Abbas Khammas Hussei; Hayder Abbas Sallal

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2011, Volume 29, Issue 9, Pages 1765-1773

Synthetic polymers such as polyurethane are used widely in the field of
biomedical applications such as implants or part of implant systems.
This work focuses on the preparation of base polymer matrix composite
materials by (Hand Lay-Up) method ,and studying the effect of selected weight
fractions (3 , 6 , 9 , 12 ,15) % wt of Calcium oxide (CaO) , Calcium carbonate
(CaCO3), Magnesium oxide (MgO) ,and Magnesium carbonate (MgCO3) particles
on some properties of the prepared composite.
Some mechanical tests were used to evaluate the prepared system (Tensile,
Compression, Impact, and Hardness) tests, and a physical test of (Water
absorption %), and all tests were accomplished at room temperature.
maximum results of tensile strength, compression strength, impact energy,
hardness, water absorption were ( (31 MPa),( 51 MPa),( o.265 J), (79.8 Shor (D)),
(0.229 %)) at using ( (9% wt (MgCO3)) , ( 9% wt of (MgCO3)) , ( 9% wt of
(CaCO3)) , ( 15% wt of (MgO)) , ( 15% wt of (MgCO3)) respectively