Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : filling ratio

Experimental Investigation of Thermosyphon Thermal Performance Using Different Filling Ratio

Talib Z. Farge; Samar J. Ismael; Rawad M.Thyab

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 1A, Pages 34-44
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i1A.1639

The present work investigated the thermal performance of thermosyphon by using distilled water as a working fluid at different filling ratios (50%, 60%, and 70 %). The thermosyphon was manufactured from a copper tube with outer and inner diameters (26 and 24) mm, respectively. The thermosyphon was tested experimentally at different input power (100, 200 and 300) Watt. The operating temperature of the oil was chosen below 85°C. Experimental results revealed that the filling ratio of 60% exhibited the best heat dissipation at the highest operating temperature. While the low operating temperature and 50 % filling ratio show better heat dissipation. Further, it was found that the thermal resistance of the thermosyphon was obviously decreased with increasing the input power. The percentage decrease in the thermal resistance of the thermosyphon at a filling ratio of 0.6 was 14.6 % compared with that filling ratio of 0.5 at an input power of 300 W.

Experimental and Numerical Simulation for Thermal Investigation of Oscillating Heat Pipe Using VOF Model

Anwar S. Barrak; Ahmed A. M. Saleh; Zained H. Naji

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 1, Pages 88-104
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i1A.286

This study is investigated the thermal performance of seven turns of the oscillating heat pipe (OHP) by an experimental investigation and CFD simulation. The OHP is designed and made from a copper tube with an inner diameter 3.5 mm and thickness 0.6 mm and the condenser, evaporator, and adiabatic lengths are 300, 300, and 210 mm respectively. Water is used as a working fluid with a filling ratio of 50% of the total volume. The evaporator part is heated by hot air (35, 40, 45, and 50) oC with various face velocity (0.5, 1, and 1.5) m/s. The condenser section is cold by air at temperature 15 oC. The CFD simulation is done by using the volume of fluid (VOF) method to model two-phase flow by conjugating a user-defined function code (UDF) to the FLUENT code. Results showed that the maximum heat input is 107.75 W while the minimum heat is 13.75 W at air inlet temperature 35 oC with air velocity 0.5m/s. The thermal resistance decreased with increasing of heat input. The results were recorded minimum thermal resistance 0.2312 oC/W at 107.75 W and maximum thermal resistance 1.036 oC/W at 13.75W. In addition, the effective thermal conductivity increased due to increasing heat input. The numerical results showed a good agreement with experimental results with a maximum deviation of 15%.

A Heat Pipe Performance With Heptane as aWorking Fluid

Hussain H.Ahmad; Raqeeb H. Rajab

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2013, Volume 31, Issue 4, Pages 646-660
DOI: 10.30684/etj.31.4A.4

The heat pipe is a device that efficiently transfers heat from one end to another. It has been widely applied in electronic system cooling and heat spreading applications due to its superior heat conductivity. Many parameters affect the performance of the heat pipe which are worthwise to be investigated. For this reason an experimental rig was designed and constructed to study the important parameters such as the heat load, the working fluid charge and the angle of inclination. Calibrated thermocouples were inserted into the heat pipe outside surface, along and around it, to measure and to show the temperature distribution profile. Heptane was used as a working fluid. Results show that the maximum conductivity obtained was more than one thousand times that of stainless steel solid bar which is the material of the heat pipe container. Also, results of the experimental work show a good agreement with that obtained from theoretical and empirical correlations derived by other researchers especially when the power input is lower than (1000)W where after a dry out condition can be clearly seen.