Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Water Absorption

Investigation of Some Properties for Laminated Composite Used for Prosthetic Socket

Shereen A. Abdulrahman; Qahtan A. Hamad; Jawad K. Oleiwi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 11, Pages 1625-1631
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i11.2050

Polyester has been used as a prosthetic socket base. It is well documented that the raw material of the socket base should have exhibited good mechanical properties. Prosthetic socket is a device that connects an artificial limb with the amputee part. In this work, seven laminated composites were prepared using vacuum technique from polyester resin and reinforced with Jute, Carbon, Glass, and Perlon fibers. The objective of this study is to manufacture prosthetic sockets from different laminated composite materials (fibers reinforced polymer) to make high-strength and durable prosthetic socket design. The results showed that the best laminated composite specimens have three jute fiber layers with four carbon layers whose compression strength and hardness reach (67) MPa and (86) Shore-D, respectively. Also, the water absorption of the composite specimen of jute with carbon fibers is higher than that of the composite specimen of jute with glass fiber.

Study the Effect of Nano Ceramic Particles on Some Physical Properties of Acrylic Resins

Q.A. Hamad

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2017, Volume 35, Issue 2, Pages 124-129

In the present research, study the effect of adding two different types of reinforcing particles, which included: nano-alumina (nano-Al2O3) and nano-silica (nano-SiO2), that added with different volume fractions of (1%, 2% and 3%), on some physical properties of composite prosthesis complete denture base materials by using self (cold) cure poly methyl methacrylate (PMMA) resin as new fluid resin matrix. In this research, the composite prosthetic dentures specimens consist of two groups were prepared by using (Hand Lay-Up) method according to the types of reinforced particles, which includes: the first group consists of PMMA resin reinforced by nano-alumina particles, and the second group consists of PMMA resin reinforced by nano-silica particles. The physical tests were performed on these specimens include (water absorption test and thermal behaviors test). The result of this study showed the values of (thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity) properties increased with increasing the volume fraction of both (nano-Al2O3 and nano-SiO2) particles in PMMA complete denture base materials. While, the values of (water absorption and specific heat) properties decreased. In addition, the addition of (nano-Al2O3) particles has a noticeable effect on the all properties of composite material for prosthetic denture base specimens more than the (nano-SiO2) particles.

Effect of Al2O3 Powder on Some Mechanical and Physical Properties for Unsaturated Polyester Resin Hybrid Composites Materials Reinforced by Carbon and Glass Fibers

Reem Alaa Mohammed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 12, Pages 2371-2379

This research is a study of the effect of Al2O3 powder on physical and mechanical properties of the polymer hybrid composites based on unsaturated polyester resin reinforced with carbon and glass fibers. The samples were made by a hand lay-up method according to ASTM standard for various volume fractions of additives. The polymer composites materials reinforced with carbon and glass fibers are the most used in manufacture of components such as pip, part of aerospace, and leisure industries and automotive.The polyester resin matrixwas strengthened with 3% carbon and glass fibers with 1%, 3%, 5%, 7% Al2O3 powders. The water absorption, hardness (shore D), impact test, and flexural strength properties are studied. The results show the specimens (UP+3%C.F+7%Al2O3) and(UP+3%G.F+7%Al2O3) had the maximum hardness (shore D) and water absorptionwhen compared withunfilledpolyester resinspecimen, it can be observed that the specimens(UP+3%C.F+5%Al2O3) and (UP+3%G.F+5%Al2O3) have maximum impact strength and flexural strengthcompared with specimens (UP+3%C.F+7%Al2O3)and (UP+3%G.F+7%Al2O3) .

Assessing the Dynamic Behavior of Asphalt Stabilized Gypseous Soil

Mahmood D. Ahmed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 4, Pages 822-841

The study presents the test results of stabilizing gypseous soil embankment obtained from Al- Faluja University Campus at Al-Ramady province. The laboratory investigation was divided into three phases, the physical and chemical properties; the optimum liquid asphalt (emulsion) requirements (which are manufactured in Iraq) were determined by using one dimensional unconfined compression strength test. In the first phase , the optimum fluid content was 11% (6% of emulsion with 5% water content). At phase two, the effect of aeration technique was investigated using both direct shear and permeability test. At phase three, a laboratory soil model of dimensions 50x50x30 cm was used as a representative of gypseous soil; pure soil, and asphalt stabilized soil have been compacted in five layers after practicing an aeration technique at maximum dry density (modified compaction) cyclic loading test was carried out on four gypseous soil models, two of them were pure soil under (dry and absorbed condition), and the other two were stabilized with emulsion also under (dry and absorbed condition). The impact of charging the hydraulic conductivity due to asphalt stabilization was investigated and the vertical deformations were determined using LVDT.
For the pure soil in dry condition the vertical settlement at the top surface was (7.45 mm) at (157 load cycles), while for pure soil model under absorbed condition, the water was raised to the surface in three days , so the vertical settlement at the top surface was (12.5 mm) at (29 load cycles), this means that the pure gypseous soil under absorbed condition show reduction in strength by(85%).
When the stabilized soil is in dry condition, the vertical settlement at the top surface was (9.75 mm) at (911 load cycles), while the soil was stabilized and subjected to water absorbed for seven days. The water stopped rising at second layer which is the same inlets level from the bottom, and the vertical settlement was (10.47 mm) at (897 load cycles), so there is no change in strength at failure.