Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Micro Silica

Evaluating The Effects of Micro and Nano Size of Silica Filler on Asphalt Cement Properties

Hussein H. Zghair; Hasan H. Joni; maan s. hassan

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 12, Pages 1832-1841
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i12A.1565

This research study examines the practicability of using micro and nano size silica to improve the asphalt characteristics. Asphalt cement penetration grade of (60 /70) was prepared using (0%, 2%, 4% and 6%) of silica filler by weight of asphalt and investigated in terms of the softening point, penetration, and penetration index, viscosity, and ductility values. To modify the asphalt binder, the silica powder was mixed by a mechanical blender set at (2000) rpm at a mixing temperature of 140°C. However, the main challenge is an agglomeration of nano-silica powder which can reduce the ductility of nano silica modified binder. Therefore, this paper studies the efficiency of mixing period to obtain a homogeneous composite binder while alleviating the agglomeration issue. To do so, the effect of periods of mixing ranged between (30 to 60) minutes were examined on characteristics of modified asphalt binders. Overall, the addition of silica filler has an encouraging impact on the asphalt binder rheological properties. Also, the ductility value decreases with the addition of nano-silica content, attributed to the huge surface area and degree of agglomeration. Furthermore, results exhibited that 6% of micro silica powder and 4 % of nano silica powder were reasonable to develop the rheological properties.

Pozzolanic Activity and Compressive Strength of Concrete Incorporated nano/micro Silica

Maan S. Hassan; Shakir A. Salih; Mohammed S.Nasr

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 3, Pages 483-496

This paper aims to give a recommendation about the suitable nano silica proportion and curing method for testing its strength pozzolonic activity, in addition to suggest a mixing or batching procedure of this material with other concrete ingredients. Theinfluence of nanoand micro silicaon concrete compressive strength is also studied. Three proportions of nano silica (0.5, 5, &10%) , two curing methods (accelerated in oven and normal in water) and two tested agesare used in pozzolonic activity test of nano silica. For compressive strength test, eleven mixes are considered:without-adding (two mixes), three micro silica (M) mixes with replacement ratios of 5, 10 & 15%, four nano silica (N) mixeswith replacement ratiosof 0.5,1.5, 3 & 5%, and three micro plus nano silica mixes (0.5N+9.5M,1.5N+8.5M and 3N+7M%) are adopted.Results of pozzolanic activity test denoted that nano silica has remarkable pozzolanic activity for all tested replacements.However, it is suggest using 5% nano silica for performing this testby usingeither accelerated or water curing. Additionally, it was found that nano silica had more impact on compressive strength of concrete than micro silica for all tested ages.Where, maximum enhancement ratios of compressive strength were about 33% and 27% for 3% nano silica mix at 7 and 90 days age respectively, and 22% for 5% nano silica mix at 28 days age. For micro silica mixes, higher improvement ratios were found in 15% micro silica mix: 2%,5%&7% at 7,28 &90 days age respectively.