Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : SVM

Detection of COVID-19 Based on Chest Medical Imaging and Artificial Intelligence Techniques

Nawres A. Alwash; Hussain Kareem

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 10, Pages 1588-1600
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i10.2200

The emergence of COVID-19 disease in the world has moved the wheel of scientific research in order to detect it in the best method, and the fastest of these methods is the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques to help medical professionals detect COVID-19. The proposed topic is aim to develop algorithm based on combination between imageprocessing techniques with artificial intelligence to diagnose COVID-19. The proposed algorithm consists of five stages to detect and classify COVID-19 from Computer Tomography (CT) images. These stages include; The first of these stages is to collect data from hospitals as real data and from Kagglewebsite for patients and healthy people, then the stage before removing the noise and converting it from RGB to grayscale, then we improve the image, segmentation and formalities, the other stage is a stage used to extract the important characteristics, and the last stage is the classification of images CT scan using Feed Forward Back Propagation Network (FFBPN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM )and compare the result between them and see if the person is infected or healthy. This study was implemented in MATLAB software. The results showed that the noise cancellation technology using anisotropic filtering gave the best results. As for the optimization technology, only the brightness of the images has been increased. At the stage of segmentation of the area of ​​lung injection using the area transplant method, the best results are detection of COVID-19 from other healthy tissues. The FFBPN gave the best results for detecting and classifying COVID-19 as well as determining whether a person has been infected or not. The results of the proposed methodology in accurate and rapid detection of COVID-19 in the lung. The contribution of this paper is to help medical staff detect COVID-19 without human intervention.

Detection of confusion behavior using a facial expression based on different classification algorithms

Fatima I. Yasser; Bassam H. Abd; Saad M. Abbas

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2021, Volume 39, Issue 2A, Pages 316-325
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v39i2A.1750

Confusion detection systems (CDSs) that need Noninvasive, mobile, and cost-effective methods use facial expressions as a technique to detect confusion. In previous works, the technology that the system used represents a major gap between this proposed CDS and other systems. This CDS depends on the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) that is used to extract facial features. The FACS shows the motion of the facial muscles represented by Action Units (AUs); the movement is represented with one facial muscle or more. Seven AUs are used as possible markers for detecting confusion that has been implemented in the form of a single vector of facial action; the AUs that have been used in this work are AUs 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, and 23. The database used to calculate the performance of the proposed CDS is gathered from 120 participants (91males, 29 females), between the ages of 18-45. Four types of classification algorithms are used as individuals; these classifiers are (VG-RAM), (SVM), Logistic Regression and Quadratic Discriminant classifiers. The best success rate was found when using Logistic Regression and Quadratic Discriminant. This work introduces different classification techniques to detect confusion by collecting an actual database that can be used to evaluate the performance for every CDS employing facial expressions and selecting appropriate facial features.

Visual Depression Diagnosis From Face Based on Various Classification Algorithms

Sana A. Nasser; Ivan A. Hashim; Wisam H. Ali

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2020, Volume 38, Issue 11, Pages 1717-1729
DOI: 10.30684/etj.v38i11A.1714

Most psychologists believe that facial behavior through depression differs from facial behavior in the absence of depression, so facial behavior can be utilized as a dependable indicator for spotting depression. Visual depression diagnosis system (VDD) establishes dependents on expressions of the face that are expense-effective and movable. At this work, the VDD system is designed according to the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to extract features of the face. The key concept of the Facial Action Coding System (FACS) to explain the whole face behavior utilizing Action Units (AUs), every AU is linked to the motion of unique or maybe further face muscles. Six AUs have utilized as depression features; those action units are AUs 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, and 12. The datasets that employed to evaluate the performance of the proposed system are gathered for 125 participants (30 males, 95 females); many of them are among 17-60 years of age. At the final step of the current system, four kinds of classification techniques were applied separately; those classifiers algorithms are KNN, SVM, PCA, and LDA. The outcomes of the simulation indicate that the best outcomes are achieved utilizing the KNN and LDA classifiers, where the success rate is 85%. New classification methods in the VDD system are the key contributions of this research, gather real databases that can utilize to compute the performance of every other VDD system based on face emotions, and choose appropriate features of the face.

Indian Number Handwriting Features Extraction and Classification using Multi-Class SVM

H.A. Jeiad

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1, Pages 33-40

In this paper, an Indian Number Handwriting Recognition Model (INHRM) is proposed. Mainly, the proposed model consists of four phases which are the image acquisition, image preprocessing, features extraction, and classification model. Initially, the captured images of the handwritten Indian numbers were enhanced and preprocessed to obtain the skeleton for the interested object. The extracted features of the handwritten Indian numbers were obtained by calculating four parameters for each captured number sample, these parameters are the number of starting points, the number of intersection points, the average zoning which consists of four values, and finally, the normalized chain vector of length of 10 elements. So, the resulted 16 values of the four parameters were arranged in a vectors of length of 16 elements. These features vectors were used in the training and testing processes of the proposed INHRM model. Multi-class SVM (MSVM) approach is suggested for the classification phase. An accumulation of 600 samples of various handwritten Indian numbers styles has been gathered from a group of 60 students. These samples were preprocessed, features extracted, then delivered to the classification phase by utilizing 500 samples of them for training while the remaining 100 samples were used for testing of the MSVM-classifier model. The results showed that the proposed INHRM achieved relatively high percentage of exactness of around 97%.

Image Categorization Based Color Detector

Hayder Ayad; Nidaa Flaih Hassan; Suhad Mallallah

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2016, Volume 34, Issue 5, Pages 621-628

Due to the investigation of the images in several parts of the life and the arising of the fast technology make the management of these images an open research area. Basically, the color feature considered as informative information that can be extracted from the image and help in improve the application performance. Based on the literature, this research found that there are several datasets that content images considered as a colorful images but some of these images content poor color information. For that, it’s unfair to treat all the dataset images as colorful images and this may lead to unsuccessful classification due to unfair color features that extracted from these images. To overcome this problem, this paper has proposed a color detector that can be used as a pre-processing stage to separate the dataset images into two classes colorful and colorless. The experiments have been carried out by using Caltech 101 dataset and the proposed method shows high level of discriminative power.