Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Keywords : Steel

Study the Effect of Surface and Internal Heat Treatment on Mechanical Properties of C40 Steel Alloy

lamyaa kalel; Ahlam Abd Alamer Al khafaji; Sabah N. Mahmood

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2014, Volume 32, Issue 4, Pages 922-931

The research aims to study the effect of quenching, tempering and laser surface treatment on the mechanical properties of C40 steel. The steel specimens were heated to a temperature of 860°C, soaked for 60 minutes and quenched in oil and then tempered at different temperatures (100,200,300,400,500,600,700) °C.
Laser hardening were carried out by using Nd: YAG laser with different pulses up to 5 pulses, the applied laser energy was 500 mJ.
The mechanical tests such as: impact test and microhardness, were carried out for the specimens before and after heat treatment. Microstructure evaluation was carried out using computerized optical microscope. The results showed an improvement in the internal and surface properties of the metal.

Neural NetworkModeling of Oxidation Kinetics in Air of Steel-T21 Alloy Coated by Simultaneous Germanium-Doped Aluminizing-Silicon zing Process

Abbas Khammas; Mohanned M. H.AL-Khafaji

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2013, Volume 31, Issue 4, Pages 632-645

In this work a pack cementation of germanium-doped aluminum and silicon coatings on low alloy steel type-T21 has been applied. This gives significant improvement in the oxidation. Steel-T21 was coated with germanium-doped aluminizing-siliconizing. Diffusion coating was carried out at 1050oC for 6 h under an Ar atmosphere by simultaneous germanium-doped aluminizing-siliconzing process. Cyclic oxidation tests were conducted on the coated steel-T21 alloy in the temperature range oxide 300-900oC in air for 102 h at 3 h cycle. The results showed that the oxidation kinetics for coated system in air can be represented by parabolic curve .Oxide phases that formed on coated system are SiO2 and Cr2O3. A neural network model of oxidation kinetics has been proposed to model the oxidation kinetic. The neural model shows good agreement with the experimental data.

Analysis Up To Failure Of Straight And Horizontally Curved Composite Precast Beam And Cast-In-Place Slab With Partial Interaction

Husain M. Husain; Mohammed J. Hamood; Alaa Adnan Hafez

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2009, Volume 27, Issue 12, Pages 2277-2289

In this study, a nonlinear three-dimensional finite element analysis has been
used to predict the load-deflection behavior of horizontally curved composite
beams of concrete slab and I-section steel beam with shear connectors using the
analysis system computer program (ANSYS V. 9.0 2004).
A comparison is made between the results obtained from the finite
element analysis and the available experimental results. The comparison shows
good agreement. The maximum difference in ultimate loads was (13.2%).
Parametric study was performed to study the influence of several important
parameters on the overall behavior of a horizontally curved composite beam.
These parameters include the curvature (L/R) of the beam, supports conditions
and concrete compressive strength. L/R has significant influence as more and
more twisting effects will be introduced

Oxidation Properties of Steel-T22 Alloy Coated by Simultaneous Ge-Doped 699 Chromizing-Siliconizing Process

Ahmed A. Moosa

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2008, Volume 26, Issue 6, Pages 699-709

Diffusion coating was carried out at 1050 oC for 6 h under argon atmosphere by
simultaneous Ge-doped chromizing-siliconizing process on low alloy steel type-T22.
Cyclic oxidation tests were conducted for the uncoated and for the chromizing –
Siliconizing coated steel-T22 alloy at 800 oC . For the Ge-dopded chromizingsiliconizing
coated steel, the cyclic oxidation was carried out in the temperature range
600-800 oC in air for 100 h at 5 h cycle. The results showed that the oxidation kinetics
for uncoated steel-T22 alloy in air at 800 oC follow a breakaway oxidation and the
phases present are FeO (Wustite), Fe3O4 (Magnetite) and Fe2O3 (Haematite).
The oxidation kinetics for chromizing –Siliconizing coated system in air at 800 oC
was found to be parabolic. Oxide phases that formed on coated system are SiO2 and
Cr2O3. The oxidation kinetics Ge-doped chromizing –Siliconizing coated system in air in
the temperature range 600-800 oC was found to be parabolic .Oxide phases that formed
on coated system are SiO2 and Cr2O3. The Ge addition improves the oxidation resistance
of low alloy steel.