LoRa Sensor Node Mounted on Drone for Monitoring Industrial Area Gas Pollution
LoRa Sensor Node Mounted on Drone for Monitoring Industrial Area Gas Pollution

Muthna J. Fadhil; Sadik Kamel Gharghan; Thamir R. Saeed

Volume 42, Issue 2 , February 2024, , Page 248-260

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.141453.1498

Abstract
  One of the biggest threats to human health is air pollution, which significantly influences people. Due to challenges like industrial and rural locations, where sensing frequently falls ...  Read More ...
FPGA Implementation of Efficient Adaptive Filter Incorporating Systolic Architecture
FPGA Implementation of Efficient Adaptive Filter Incorporating Systolic Architecture

Harith H. Thannoon; Ivan A. Hashim

Volume 42, Issue 2 , February 2024, , Page 261-275

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.142877.1548

Abstract
  This paper introduces an approach that capitalizes on the retimed delay concept to enhance adaptive filters' operational efficiency. In particular, it introduces an adaptive filter ...  Read More ...
Detection of arabic sign language by machine learning techniques with PCA and LDA
Detection of arabic sign language by machine learning techniques with PCA and LDA

Mosab A. Hassan; Atheer A. Sabri; Alaa H. Ali

Volume 42, Issue 2 , February 2024, , Page 298-311

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.143688.1601

Abstract
  People need a communication channel and a way to communicate with a person or group. Deaf people communicate with others through sign language. The remarkable and rapid development ...  Read More ...
Impact of the UPFC on the optimal transmission switching for cutting down market power cost
Impact of the UPFC on the optimal transmission switching for cutting down market power cost

Sunday Oladejo Adetona; Makanjuola Yussuf Adetola; Frank Nwoye Okafor; Nwabueze Godfrey Ubakanwa

Volume 42, Issue 2 , February 2024, , Page 312-326

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144807.1645

Abstract
  The exercise of market power by the strategic generating companies (gencos) in the deregulated wholesale electricity market (WEM) should be mitigated, as it results in higher wholesale ...  Read More ...
The Energy-Efficient Control Solutions of Smart Street Lighting Systems: A Review, Issues, and Recommendations
The Energy-Efficient Control Solutions of Smart Street Lighting Systems: A Review, Issues, and Recommendations

Tarek Abedin; Chong Tak Yaw; Siaw Paw Koh; M.A. Hannan; Sieh Kiong Tiong; Kok Hen Chong; Ahmed N Abdalla; Kharudin Ali

Volume 41, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Page 1034-1057

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.137195.1338

Abstract
  The smart street-lighting system (SSLS) is a leading candidate in the smart city. By the time of the last 15 cycles, many meaningful improvements have been executed in the SSLS with ...  Read More ...
Image Processing Evaluation of LSP Effect on the Corrosion Rate for the 304 Alloy
Image Processing Evaluation of LSP Effect on the Corrosion Rate for the 304 Alloy

Raghad N. Salman; Razi J Al-azawi; A. Kadhim

Volume 41, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Page 1058-1067

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.136032.1294

Abstract
  The purpose of the study is to inhibit the corrosion rate using the (LSP) laser shock processing technology with an ND-YAG laser utilizing the Q-switched technique with a wavelength ...  Read More ...
Comparative Study of Three SAW Configurations for Temperature Sensing
Comparative Study of Three SAW Configurations for Temperature Sensing

Serhane R.; Belkhelfa N.

Volume 41, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Page 1068-1081

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.137423.1346

Abstract
  This paper demonstrates three SAW configurations' electrical and mechanical behaviors: a one-port resonator, a two-port resonator, and a delay line that works as temperature sensors ...  Read More ...
Implementation of Hyperbolic Sine and Cosine Functions Based on FPGA using different Approaches
Implementation of Hyperbolic Sine and Cosine Functions Based on FPGA using different Approaches

Rawasee k. yousif; Ivan A. Hashim; Bassam H. Abd

Volume 41, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Page 1091-1106

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.139756.1440

Abstract
  This paper presents the implementations of the hyperbolic sine and cosine functions, which are essential in many digital systems. In the previous eras, these functions were only implemented ...  Read More ...
Speech Recognition Algorithm in a Noisy Environment Based on Power Normalized Cepstral Coefficient and Modified Weighted-KNN
Speech Recognition Algorithm in a Noisy Environment Based on Power Normalized Cepstral Coefficient and Modified Weighted-KNN

Mohammed E. Safi; Eyad I. Abbas

Volume 41, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Page 1107-1117

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.140643.1469

Abstract
  Speech recognition is widely used in robot control and automation. Nevertheless, the use of speech recognition in robots is limited due to its susceptibility to background noise. This ...  Read More ...
Investigation of Fault Analysis for Renewable Energy Microgrid
Investigation of Fault Analysis for Renewable Energy Microgrid

Afaneen A. Abbood; Hanan M. Habbi; Mohamed A. Zohdy

Volume 41, Issue 8 , August 2023, , Page 1118-1129

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.139498.1433

Abstract
  This paper investigates the behavior of four bus grid-connected systems during different types of faults. The microgrid comprises a utility grid, a solar PV energy system, a diesel ...  Read More ...
Gaussian Process for GPS Receiver Predictor and INS GPS Integration
Gaussian Process for GPS Receiver Predictor and INS GPS Integration

Nawras K. Ahmed; Sameir A. Aziez; Ali Y. Khenyab

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 257-269

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.131426.1037

Abstract
  Global Positioning System (GPS) has become important and necessary in daily life.  It is possible to reach any destination using GPS, which is included in many lands and marine ...  Read More ...
Reliability Assessment Based on Optimal DGs Planning in the Distribution Systems
Reliability Assessment Based on Optimal DGs Planning in the Distribution Systems

Ali M. Jaleel; Mohammed K. Abd

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 280-293

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2021.131169.1010

Abstract
  Due to increased load demands, distribution systems suffer from high power losses, low voltage levels, high current, and low reliability. To solve these problems, integrate distributed ...  Read More ...
A Modified Global Management Controller for a Grid-connected PV System with Battery under Various Power Balance Modes
A Modified Global Management Controller for a Grid-connected PV System with Battery under Various Power Balance Modes

Diana S. Obaid; Ali J. Mahdi; Mohammed H. Alkafaji

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 294-308

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.132323.1102

Abstract
  This work presents an Energy Management System (EMS) constructed on dissimilar power balance modes and dynamic grid power to activate a DC-link microgrid with a solar (PV-array) generator ...  Read More ...
Performance Evaluation of Integrated Antennas on Photovoltaic Solar Cells
Performance Evaluation of Integrated Antennas on Photovoltaic Solar Cells

Ahmed Al-Alawi; Said Al Gheilani; Ahmed Al-Zeidi; Mohammed M. Bait-Suwailam

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 309-315

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.134215.1228

Abstract
  The performance of antennas is critical to ensuring reliable wireless communication and robust data transmission. Unfortunately, antennas’ performance gets degraded when loaded ...  Read More ...
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Voltage Control for LCL-Filter Grid-Connected Converter
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Voltage Control for LCL-Filter Grid-Connected Converter

Safa S. Olwie; Abdulrahim T. Humod; Fadhil A. Hasan

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 316-332

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.132342.1115

Abstract
  Inductance – Capacitance – Inductance (LCL) filter is a very attractive candidate for renewable energy system applications due to its high efficiency. High attenuation of ...  Read More ...
Fault Detection and Fault Tolerant Control for Anti-lock Braking Systems )ABS) Speed Sensors by Using Neural Networks
Fault Detection and Fault Tolerant Control for Anti-lock Braking Systems )ABS) Speed Sensors by Using Neural Networks

Ayad Q. Abdulkareem; Abdulrahim Th. Humod; Oday A Ahmed

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 333-344

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.135106.1259

Abstract
  This paper proposed neural networks to continuously provide alternative constructed signals for vehicle and wheel speed sensors utilized for the Anti-Lock Braking System (ABS), which ...  Read More ...
Review on Virtual Inertia Control Topologies for Improving Frequency Stability of Microgrid
Review on Virtual Inertia Control Topologies for Improving Frequency Stability of Microgrid

Raof F. Idan; Ali J. Mahdi; Thamir M. Abdul Wahhab

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 345-358

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.136217.1304

Abstract
  Renewable energy sources (RESs), such as solar and wind power, offer new technologies for meeting the world's energy requirements. The distributed generator (DG) based on RESs has no ...  Read More ...
Improved Design for the High Gain Wideband Matrix Amplifiers Using Differential Cells and Microwave CMOS Technology
Improved Design for the High Gain Wideband Matrix Amplifiers Using Differential Cells and Microwave CMOS Technology

Saeed R. Ridha; Azad R. Kareem; Ashwaq Q. Hameed

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 387-396

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.136495.1317

Abstract
  The Matrix Amplifier is a structure designed to increase the gain of the wideband distributed amplifiers. A matrix amplifier is used to improve the pass-band gain while preserving the ...  Read More ...
Antenna Gain-Bandwidth Enhancements Using CRLH Hilbert Fractal-based Structure
Antenna Gain-Bandwidth Enhancements Using CRLH Hilbert Fractal-based Structure

Marwa M. Ismail; Taha A. Elwi; A. J. Salim

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 397-406

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.132987.1160

Abstract
  With the development of communication systems, antennas of small size and high gain have become essential to keep up with the new challenges. The metamaterials made these challenges ...  Read More ...
Design and Implement the Innovative Drugstore for Health Care Services Based on Health Mobile Applications and Advanced IoT
Design and Implement the Innovative Drugstore for Health Care Services Based on Health Mobile Applications and Advanced IoT

Yusur S. AL - Saffar; Sabah A. Gitaffa; Abbas H. Issa

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 407-417

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.136179.1302

Abstract
  The health care problems are errors in taking medication, improper storage of the medication, irregularly taking the medication on time, and not knowing the side effects of taking medication ...  Read More ...
An Unbalance Three Phase Currents Detection Technique for Load Side Broken Conductor Fault in the Iraqi Distribution System
An Unbalance Three Phase Currents Detection Technique for Load Side Broken Conductor Fault in the Iraqi Distribution System

Ali G. Al-Baghdadi; Mohammed K. Abd; Firas M. F. Flaih

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 418-434

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.135940.1291

Abstract
  Electrical supply safety and quality represent targets that Iraqi power distribution companies always strive to meet. Load-side broken conductor fault LSBC is one of the greatest faults ...  Read More ...
SDR-based Intelligent Cooperative Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Systems
SDR-based Intelligent Cooperative Spectrum Sensing for Cognitive Radio Systems

Ali A. Radhi; Hanan A. R. Akkar; Hikmat N. Abdullah

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 435-445

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.136258.1306

Abstract
  In this paper, the software and hardware of a software-defined radio (SDR) platform are used to implement and verify the blind real-time sensing act of intelligent collaborative spectrum ...  Read More ...
Design of Optimal PID Controller for Electric Vehicle Based on Particle Swarm and Multi-Verse Optimization algorithms
Design of Optimal PID Controller for Electric Vehicle Based on Particle Swarm and Multi-Verse Optimization algorithms

Arkan A. Jassim; Ekhlas H. Karam; Mohammed Moanes E. Ali

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 446-455

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.135587.1279

Abstract
  The automotive industry is moving toward more environmentally friendly automobiles with greater range and performance than traditional vehicles as the effects of global warming worsen. ...  Read More ...
Artificial Neural Network-Based Transmission Power Control for Underwater Wireless Optical Communication System
Artificial Neural Network-Based Transmission Power Control for Underwater Wireless Optical Communication System

Omar N. Mohammed Salim; Salah A. Adnan; Ammar H. Mutlag

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 456-466

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.136247.1309

Abstract
  Several scientists have proposed using an underwater wireless optical communication system (UWOC) to deliver high-speed data services using the abundant optical spectrum. However, wireless ...  Read More ...
A Survey on Microstrip Single/Multiband Bandpass Filter for 5G Applications
A Survey on Microstrip Single/Multiband Bandpass Filter for 5G Applications

Halah I. Khani; Ahmed S. Ezzulddin

Volume 41, Issue 2 , February 2023, , Page 467-483

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2022.135858.1288

Abstract
  For a long time, extensive research on microstrip bandpass filters has been documented to meet the standards of modern multiservice wireless communication systems. The multiband bandpass ...  Read More ...