Research Paper
The Impact of Magnetic Abrasive Finishing (MAF) Process Parameters on the Microhardness of Stainless Steel SUS420 Bubble Cups
The Impact of Magnetic Abrasive Finishing (MAF) Process Parameters on the Microhardness of Stainless Steel SUS420 Bubble Cups

Athraa M. Salih Ahmed; Saad K. Shather

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.142890.1563

Abstract
  The optimal performance of bubble cups relies on achieving the appropriate surface quality, a common requirement in various industrial applications. The effectiveness of the Magnetic ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Experimental and Multi-Optimization Investigation of Machining (X210) Alloy Steel Using Angled EDM Electrodes
Experimental and Multi-Optimization Investigation of Machining (X210) Alloy Steel Using Angled EDM Electrodes

Ahmed M. Abbas; Ali Abbar Khleif

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.143826.1612

Abstract
  Electrical Discharging Machining (EDM) offers broad capabilities that allow it to be used in the manufacturing, automotive, and aviation industries, as well as practically all disciplines ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Cold sintering process of hydroxyapatite derived from natural bone and co-precipitation method: a comparative study
Cold sintering process of hydroxyapatite derived from natural bone and co-precipitation method: a comparative study

Hawraa O. Abbas; Hanaa A. Smeig; Zuhair J. Abdul Ameer

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 07 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.143947.1617

Abstract
  This study uses a novel sintering technique at very low temperatures (below 300°C) named the Cold Sintering Process to produce highly dense Hydroxyapatite (HA) samples. Nano hydroxyapatite ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Antibacterial improvement with multilayer of bio-composite coatings produced by electrophoretic deposition
Antibacterial improvement with multilayer of bio-composite coatings produced by electrophoretic deposition

Noor A AL-Ali; Makarim H. Abdulkareem; Iman A. Anoon

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 08 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.143475.1588

Abstract
  In this study, multi-structured coatings of biocompatible and antibacterial materials on a 316L stainless steel (SS) implant have been electrophoretically deposited for orthopedic applications. ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Design and manufacturing of custom 3D printed bone implants
Design and manufacturing of custom 3D printed bone implants

Zaineb H. Neamah; Luma A. Al-Kindi; Ghassan Al-Kindi

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.143788.1609

Abstract
  In medical surgery, a customized implant is often required to meet surgical requirements, especially in cases with complicated or traumatic deformities. The emerging techniques of additive ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Microwave dielectric properties of Zn1-xCuxWO4 (x= 0, 0.03)/Polymer Composites
Microwave dielectric properties of Zn1-xCuxWO4 (x= 0, 0.03)/Polymer Composites

Lamees S. Faeq; saad B. Farid; Fadhel A. Hashim

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 10 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.143514.1590

Abstract
  The rapid growth in wireless telecommunication systems has spurred a strong interest in lightweight, compact, and cost-effective materials. One promising solution for achieving these ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Effects of Dy2O3 doping on physical and mechanical characteristics of B2O3-TeO2-BaO glass
Effects of Dy2O3 doping on physical and mechanical characteristics of B2O3-TeO2-BaO glass

Saba F. Hathot; Balqees M. Al dabbagh; Haydar Aboud

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 12 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145037.1649

Abstract
  A new oxide glass host of the form (50-x) B2O3-25TeO2-25BaO-xDy2O3 (where x was varied from 0 to 1.25 mol%) was prepared using the conventional melt-cast quenching method. The study ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Experimental and optimization study of powder metallurgy process parameters of magnesium base AZ31 alloy using taguchi method
Experimental and optimization study of powder metallurgy process parameters of magnesium base AZ31 alloy using taguchi method

Basma F. Sultan; Muna K. Abbass; Jawdat A. Yagoob; Yang Y. Guo

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 28 January 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.142510.1539

Abstract
  Powder metallurgy (PM) is a highly effective re-processing method mostly used for magnesium-base alloys, especially in high-performance Mg alloys. In the present work, the experimental ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
The influence of micro channel on the performance of low concentrator parabolic collector systems with phase change material
The influence of micro channel on the performance of low concentrator parabolic collector systems with phase change material

Jenan D. Hamdi; Jalal M. Jalil; Ahmed H. Reja

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 05 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144040.1619

Abstract
  Increasing global economic development leads to a continuous increase in energy demand, considering the limited conventional resources of energy as well as the impact on the environment ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Effect of the material properties of the rotor-disc on the performance of eddy current braking systems
Effect of the material properties of the rotor-disc on the performance of eddy current braking systems

Ahmed M. Salman; Jamal A.-K. Mohammed; Farag M. Mohammed

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144221.1625

Abstract
  Failure of traditional brakes occurs due to raised temperatures and the formation of structural fractures caused by wear and strain. For resolving mechanical brake problems, consider ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Performance enhancement of PV panels by a channel shaped heat exchanger with an electromechanical control
Performance enhancement of PV panels by a channel shaped heat exchanger with an electromechanical control

Hussein A. Idan; Hatam K. Kadhom; Sahar R. Faraj

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 18 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.143283.1575

Abstract
  Photovoltaic panels are considered one of the important practical applications in converting solar energy into electrical energy, but they suffer from the effect of heat associated ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Effect of carbonization on the mechanical properties of mild steel utilizing oak charcoal as a carbon source
Effect of carbonization on the mechanical properties of mild steel utilizing oak charcoal as a carbon source

Omer S. Mahmood

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 29 February 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144383.1630

Abstract
  Carburizing is a process that improves the mechanical properties of low-carbon steel, particularly its surface hardness. Introducing carbon into the steel's surface enhances the creation ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Realization of an all-optical d and t flip flops with nano-structure using hybrid plasmonic waveguides
Realization of an all-optical d and t flip flops with nano-structure using hybrid plasmonic waveguides

Saif H. Abdulwahid; Ahmed G. Wadday; Sinan M. Abdul Sattar

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2023.142434.1532

Abstract
  Surface waves are electromagnetic waves propagating along the interface between a metal and an insulator. Surface waves break the diffraction limits and enable light to propagate in ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Survey of near-field wireless communication and power transfer for biomedical implants
Survey of near-field wireless communication and power transfer for biomedical implants

Hala K. Abduljaleel; Saad Mutashar; Sadik Kamel Gharghan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 18 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144480.1636

Abstract
  Bio-implanted medical devices with electronic components play a crucial role due to their effectiveness in monitoring and diagnosing diseases, enhancing patient comfort, and ensuring ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Modeling and control of a high-quality electro-hydraulic actuator driven via an induction motor under intelligent indirect vector control
Modeling and control of a high-quality electro-hydraulic actuator driven via an induction motor under intelligent indirect vector control

Aws F. Hassan; Jamal A.-K. Mohammed; Walaa M. Hashim

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 21 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144140.1622

Abstract
  Due to its excellent energy efficiency and broad speed range, the variable-speed electro-hydraulic drive is an appealing driving principle in many contemporary industrial applications. ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Innovative self-healing concrete using polycarboxylate ether: a fused deposition modeling approach with 3D-printed polylactic acid vascular networks
Innovative self-healing concrete using polycarboxylate ether: a fused deposition modeling approach with 3D-printed polylactic acid vascular networks

Noor A. Hameed; Alaa A. Abdul-Hamead; Farhad M. Othman

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 26 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145499.1655

Abstract
  Concrete's fracture susceptibility is due to its limited tensile strength, which can lead to cracks. Steel reinforcement is added to designated areas to address this issue, but minuscule ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
ANFIS control of four-quadrant DC/DC chopper for wireless EV charging
ANFIS control of four-quadrant DC/DC chopper for wireless EV charging

Hawraa Q. Hameed; Hosham S. Anead; Khalid F. Sultan

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 27 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146136.1673

Abstract
  Wireless charging of electric vehicles (EVs) poses issues like power ripples that reduce battery lifetime. This study proposes a four-quadrant DC/DC chopper controlled by an adaptive ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Experimental analysis and combustion characteristics of briquettes from different wood in nigeria
Experimental analysis and combustion characteristics of briquettes from different wood in nigeria

Oluwaseyi O. Alabi; Timothy A. Adeyi; Sakiru K. Ekun

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 28 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144659.1640

Abstract
  The increasing demand for sustainable and renewable energy sources has prompted extensive research into alternative biomass fuels, particularly in regions like Nigeria, where traditional ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Computational insights into the thermal performance enhancement of solar air heater channel through metal foam integration
Computational insights into the thermal performance enhancement of solar air heater channel through metal foam integration

Kadhim Al-Chlaihawi; Moayed R. Hasan; Ali L. Kaied

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 31 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145706.1660

Abstract
  The two-dimensional numerical simulations focused on fluid flow and heat transfer within a solar air heater (SAH) channel incorporating copper metal foam with a porosity of 90% were ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
The impact of electronic control systems on improving the performance of the solar heater
The impact of electronic control systems on improving the performance of the solar heater

Ekram H. Alaskaree; Younus F. Breesam

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 03 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145174.1652

Abstract
  In this study, the effect of an electronic control system (ECS) on the performance of a solar heater fabricated from recycled materials was investigated . The study found that the maximum ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Theoretical and experimental investigation of the effect of heat flux to lift water in a solar bubble pump
Theoretical and experimental investigation of the effect of heat flux to lift water in a solar bubble pump

Ihab Omar; Ahmed A. M. Saleh; Ahmed N. Alhusseny

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 04 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145911.1669

Abstract
  In remote areas, a scarcity of accessible water poses a significant predicament, and sun-powered propelling contraptions offer promising solutions. It is possible to collect solar energy ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Optimization of mechanical and biocompatible properties of ZnOs-fiber membranes
Optimization of mechanical and biocompatible properties of ZnOs-fiber membranes

Dalia M. Jomaa; Abbas Kh. Hussein; Jamal J. Dawood

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 07 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145042.1650

Abstract
  This study uses electro-spinning techniques to create a poly(vinyl alcohol)-chitosan-zinc oxide nanoparticles (PVA+CS)+ZnO NPs system in three concentrations of ZnO for application ...  Read More ...
Review Paper
3D Printing for wind turbine blade manufacturing: a review of materials, design optimization, and challenges
3D Printing for wind turbine blade manufacturing: a review of materials, design optimization, and challenges

Ahmed k. Zarzoor; Alaa A. Jaber; Ahmed A. Shandookh

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 12 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.144841.1646

Abstract
  Wind energy has become an easy-to-harness source by converting captured wind currents into electrical energy. Powerful and customizable wind turbines are used to convert wind energy ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Effect of tool profile on micro hardness, forming limit, and final thickness in incremental hole flanging process of DC01 steel and AA1050 sheet metals
Effect of tool profile on micro hardness, forming limit, and final thickness in incremental hole flanging process of DC01 steel and AA1050 sheet metals

Hunar M. Tahir M. Ali; Hameed D. Lafta; Ayad F. Shahab

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 14 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146281.1677

Abstract
  The present study delves into the incremental hole flanging process applied to AA1050 and DC01 sheet metals with 0.7 and 1 mm thicknesses. Employing a distinctive lathe-based fixture, ...  Read More ...
Review Paper
Enhancing performance of Double-Slope solar stills through optimization of heat addition methods: a comprehensive analysis
Enhancing performance of Double-Slope solar stills through optimization of heat addition methods: a comprehensive analysis

Mariam E. Murad; Wissam H. Alawee; Hayder A. Dhahad; Z.M. Omara

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 15 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145648.1657

Abstract
  This comprehensive research paper reviews the latest techniques to enhance the productivity of double-slope solar stills by providing quantitative data on key research outcomes. With ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Effect of MXene Ti3C2 on the PVDF ultrafiltration membrane properties and performance
Effect of MXene Ti3C2 on the PVDF ultrafiltration membrane properties and performance

Tamara W. Abood; Kadium M. Shabeeb; Aseel B. Alzubaydi; Qusay F Alsalhy; Pei S. Goh; Ahmad F. Ismail; Adel Zrelli

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 16 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145778.1663

Abstract
  The problem of membrane fouling remains a significant concern in ultrafiltration, a commonly employed method in water treatment due to its high efficacy and minimal energy consumption. ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Characterization of alkaline treated raffia palm fibres as reinforcement in polymer composite
Characterization of alkaline treated raffia palm fibres as reinforcement in polymer composite

Ipilakyaa T, Daniel; Tile S. Emmanuel; Nyior G. Bem; Gundu D. Terfa

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 21 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.147130.1704

Abstract
  The characterization of raffia palm fibre (RPF) for reinforcement in polymer composite for specialized applications was studied. The fibres were treated with NaOH solution and subjected ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Modeling and analysis of thermoelectric atmospheric water generation in the economic city of Iraq
Modeling and analysis of thermoelectric atmospheric water generation in the economic city of Iraq

Ammar M. al-Tajer; Wissam H. Alawee; Hayder A. Dhahad; Zakaria M. Omara

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 29 April 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.145961.1671

Abstract
  Atmospheric Water Generation assumes substantial significance as an innovative remedy for addressing water scarcity and augmenting water resilience. This technology facilitates water ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Estimating the wear behavior of hdpe composites reinforced with nano alumina fillers using taguchi method
Estimating the wear behavior of hdpe composites reinforced with nano alumina fillers using taguchi method

Orhan S. Abdullah

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.147040.1699

Abstract
  High-density polyethylene (HDPE), like other polymers is important in many applications due to its unique properties like low cost, weight, and availability. Recently, HDPE reinforced ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Small-Scale thermoelectric incinerator prototype for sustainable waste management and power generation
Small-Scale thermoelectric incinerator prototype for sustainable waste management and power generation

Yepy K. Sofi’i; Sudarman Sudarman; Roro H. Hendaryati; Suwarsono Suwarsono; Andinusa Rahmandhika; Rizki Hidayatulloh; Muhammad F. Budiman; Galuh W. As'adi; Ramdhan Zaroby; Willy S. Nugroho

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 09 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146331.1678

Abstract
  Indonesia faces a significant challenge in managing its waste effectively. Conventional incineration, while reducing waste volume, raises environmental concerns due to emissions. This ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Production of copper nanoparticles using alpha-amylase enzyme by an electrochemical deposition method
Production of copper nanoparticles using alpha-amylase enzyme by an electrochemical deposition method

Neamah M. Hadi; Mohammad H. Hafiz; F. F. Sayyid; Wan Nor Roslam Wan Isahak

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 09 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146236.1674

Abstract
  This study aims to explain the effect of adding the bioactive substance (alpha enzyme) to the electrolyte solution using electrochemical deposition. Through which copper nanoparticles ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Exploring the impact resistance of hybrid sandwich composite body armor through experimental analysis
Exploring the impact resistance of hybrid sandwich composite body armor through experimental analysis

Waad A. Khalaf; Mohsin N. Hamzah

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 12 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.142961.1555

Abstract
  Hybrid composite sandwich structures, known for remarkable energy absorption, rigidity, and strength, are emerging as a preferred choice for fortifying structures against a diverse ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Investigation of white layer thickness, material removal rate, and tool wear rate of Inconel 718 by nano-Al2O3-mixed electrical discharge machining
Investigation of white layer thickness, material removal rate, and tool wear rate of Inconel 718 by nano-Al2O3-mixed electrical discharge machining

Dunya A. Ghulam; Abbas F. Ibrahim

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 19 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146513.1684

Abstract
  Nano powder mixed electrical discharge machining (NPMEDM) is an advanced thermo-physical process. It is used to create complex, precise shapes in hard-to-machine materials, such as ...  Read More ...
Research Paper
Utilizing remote sensing and aerogeophysical data for spatial decision support system for optimal gold mineralization site identification in North-Central Nigeria
Utilizing remote sensing and aerogeophysical data for spatial decision support system for optimal gold mineralization site identification in North-Central Nigeria

Abdullahi S.; Ejepu J. S.

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 19 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146400.1681

Abstract
  This study presents a comprehensive investigation utilizing remote sensing data and aerogeophysical datasets to identify potential economic gold mineralization sites in Zungeru, North-Central ...  Read More ...
Review Paper
Parametric analysis for performance and emissions of gasoline direct injection engine using mathematical modelling
Parametric analysis for performance and emissions of gasoline direct injection engine using mathematical modelling

Omar M. Yousif; Mahmoud A. Mashkour

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 22 May 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146366.1680

Abstract
  The study aims to estimate the performance and emissions of a gasoline direct injection (GDI) engine by analyzing parameters such as engine speed between 2000 and 6000 rpm, compression ...  Read More ...
Review Paper
MXene (Ti C Tx) based nanosheet photocatalysts for water remediation: challenges and recent developments
MXene (Ti C Tx) based nanosheet photocatalysts for water remediation: challenges and recent developments

Hadeel A. Abbas; Khalid K. Abbas; Ahmed M. Al-Ghaban

Articles in Press, Corrected Proof, Available Online from 18 March 2024

https://doi.org/10.30684/etj.2024.146505.1683

Abstract
  Two-dimensional nano structural compounds are attracting the focus of researchers worldwide. The need to treat wastewater and prevent the release of hazardous substances into the environment ...  Read More ...