Environmental and Urban Land Use Analysis by GIS in AL-Shaab of Baghdad as a Case Study
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2016, Volume 34, Issue 12, Pages 2272-2281
AbstractAL-Shaab municipality faces many problems in the distribution of services)health centers, police stations, kindergartens and local markets( since these services are sometime concentrated in some of its regions and nonexistent in others. Moreover, distribution systems of these services do not adhere to planning criteria that are made consistent with population concentration and population growth, urban expansion and other resident’s needs.
The subject of this study is environmental and urban land use analysis for AL-Shaab municipality in Baghdad city. The main purpose is knowing the strong and poor regions of distribution facilities in study area depending on a planning standard and trying to find out a planning solution for poor regions to comply the municipality with a planning standard.
The researchers of this work selected AL-Shaab municipality for this work, being one of the important parts in Baghdad city, because its location, its high density of population, large area of the city, faces large problems in its urban planning and residential areas should depend on planning standard to show the weak regions in AL-Shaab municipality.
In this work, kindergarten, primary schools, intermediate and secondary schools, green zones, religious facilities, local markets, police centers, health centers and garages were studied. The results showed that there are a weakness distribution of kindergartens, police centers, local markets and health centers in the municipality, especially in 348 and 346 neighborhoods and a some weakness in other of facilities distribution in the other neighborhoods centers.
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