1 Materials Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq,

2 Materials Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq,


Titanium has a good ability to attach to bone and living tissue, making it a perfect material for orthopedic implants. Because of the combination of high resistance to corrosion, biocompatibility and excellent mechanical properties. This work aims to study the Modifications of various base titanium implant samples producing by using powder technology (Ti-pure, Ti-45 % Ni, Ti10 % Co, and Ti-30 % Ta) by deposition of Nano Zirconia and yttria powders (70 %ZRO2 and 30% Y2O3 ). Chemical pretreatment carried out to prepare the implant surface before deposition, while the deposition process accomplished by pack cementation. The Characterizations of samples accomplished before and after the surface treatment, which includes: microstructure observation, x-ray diffraction (XRD), MTT Assay (cell viability) and MTT assay (cell adhesion). From the SEM All samples Show that Nano Zirconia and yttria were homogeneously put on the surface and fully covered it which resulted in a substantial modification in surface morphologies. From XRD patterns the peaks slightly shifted to the low angle side also amorphous behavior was observed. From MTT graphs it was found that the titanium alloys surface after pack cementation became more active after 3 days of exposure in MG-63 cells and there was a remarkable increase in cell viability and cell attachment compared with untreated samples.