1 Department of Computer Science, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq,

2 Department of Computer Science, University of Technology-Iraq, Baghdad, Iraq,


Tilt correction is an essential step in the license plate recognition system (LPR). The main goal of this article is to provide a review of the various methods that are presented in the literature and used to correct different types of tilt that appear in the digital image of the license plates (LP). This theoretical survey will enable the researchers to have an overview of the available implemented tilt detection and correction algorithms. That’s how this review will simplify for the researchers the choice to determine which of the available rotation correction and detection algorithms to implement while designing their LPR system. This review also simplifies the decision for the researchers to choose whether to combine two or more of the existing algorithms or simply create a new efficient one. This review doesn’t recite the described models in the literature in a hard-narrative tale, but instead, it clarifies how the tilt correction stage is divided based on its initial steps. The steps include: locating the plate corners, finding the tilting angle of the plate, then, correcting its horizontal, vertical, and sheared inclination. For the tilt correction stage, this review clarifies how state-of-the-art literature handled each step individually. As a result, it has been noticed that line fitting, Hough transform, and Randon transform are the most used methods to correct the tilt of a LP.