Study of Mechanical Properties of Carbon Steel Plate SA-516 Gr. 70 Welded by SAW Using V-Shape Joint Design
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2020, Volume 38, Issue 2, Pages 152-165
AbstractSubmerged arc welding (SAW) is a fusion type welding and it is considered one of the most important welding types due to its inherent capabilities of high welding speed, high deposition rate, welding large thickness plates owing to its deep penetration characteristic and many other advantages. In this study, the goal was to investigate the effect of welding parameters, namely (welding current and welding speed) as well as the joint design on the mechanical properties (yield stress, bending force on the face of the weldment and hardness of the weld metal. Experiments were conducted employing Design of Expert (DOE) software and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) technique. The experiments were conducted by welding ASME SA-516 Gr. 70 steel plate with dimension (300 mm × 150 mm × 10 mm) depending upon the design matrix developed via the DOE. Results manifested that the optimum process parameters for maximum yield stress, maximum bending force and minimum hardness were at (425 amps) welding current and (35 cm/min) welding speed, where the arc voltage was held constant at (37 volts). The optimum values for the yield stress, bending force and hardness were (474.447 MPa, 36.997 kN and 150 HV), respectively. Finally, it was found that the predicted and experimental results of yield stress, bending force and hardness agree very well according to the ultimate error (1.05%, 1.92%, and 4.25 %), respectively.
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