Influence of Cutting Speed on Residual Stresses by Machining of AISI 316L
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2020, Volume 38, Issue 3A, Pages 394-401
AbstractRS have an important role in the performance of components and machined structures. The objective of this paper is to study the influence of cutting speed on RS in workpieces that are formed in orthogonal cutting. AISI 316L stainless steel since it has been used in many important industries such as chemical, petrochemical industries, power generation, electrical engineering, and food and beverage industry. Four cutting speeds are selected: (44, 56, 71 and 88) m/min. The alloy was machined by turning at constant depth of cut and various feed rate from (0.065 to 0.228) mm/rev. Residual stresses are examined by X-ray diffraction. The best results of RS obtained are (-3735.28, -1784.95, -330.142, -218.747, -890.758, -2999.632, -2990.401) MPa. Increasing the cutting speed from (44-56) m/min. reduces the compressive residual stress by (21.4 %), while from (71-88) m/min the RS is reduced by (19.3 %). Finally, the RS at cutting speeds are changed from compression to tension
 E. Brinksmeier, J. Cammett, W. Koenig, P. Leskovar, P. Peters and H. Toenshoff, “Residual stresses - measurement and causes in machining processes,’’ Ann. CIRP, vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 491-510, 1982.
 C. Maranho and J. P. Davim, ‘‘Residual stresses in machining using FEM 7 5 2 PA Review,’’ Rev. Adv. Mater. Sci, Vol. 30, pp. 267-272, 2012.
 M. Jacobson, P. Dahlman and F. Gunnberg, ‘‘Cutting speed influence on surface integrity of hard turned bainite steel,’’ J. of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 318-323, 2002.
 R. M. Saoubi, J. Outeiro, B. Changeux, J. Lebrun and A. Dias, ‘‘Residual stress analysis in orthogonal machining of standard and desulfurized AISI 316L steels,’’ J. of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 96, No. 1, pp. 225-233, 1999.
 I. S. Jawahir, E. Brinksmeier, R. M. Saoubi, D. Aspinwal, J. Outeiro, D. Meyer, D. Umbrello and A. Jayal, ‘‘Surface integrity in material removal processes: recent advances,’’Ann. CIRP, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 603-626, 2011.
 P. Withers, M. Turski, L. Edwards, P. Bouchard and D. Buttle, ‘‘Recent advances in residual stress measurement,’’Int. J. of Pressure Vessels and Piping, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 118-127, 2008.
 M. Mohammadpour, M. R. Razfar, R. Jalili Saffar, “Numerical investigating the effect of machining parameters on residual stresses in orthogonal cutting,” Simulat. Modell. Pract. Theory, Vol. 18, pp. 378-389, 2010.
 Ch. Liu, A. Zengqiang Wang, ‘‘The effect of cutting speed on residual stresses when orthogonal cutting TC4,” 11th International Conference on the Mechanical and Physical Behavior of Materials under Dynamic Loading, held in Lugano, Switzerland, Edited by E. Cadoni; EPJ Web of Conferences, Vol. 94, No. 4, 2015.
 M. Jacas-CabreraI and T. Rodríguez-Moliner, ‘‘The influence of cutting speed and feed rate in surface integrity of AISI 1045,” Ingeniería Mecánica. Vol. 18. No. 3, pp. 203-210, 2015.
 Kh. Bouacha and M. A. Yallese, ‘‘Statistical analysis of surface roughness and cutting forces using response surface methodology in hard turning of AISI 52100 Bearing Steel with CBN tool,” Int. Journal of Refractory Metals & Hard Materials, Vol. 28, pp. 349–361, 2010.  W. Jomaa, V. Songmene, and P. Bocher. ‘‘On residual stress changes after orthogonal machining of induction hardened AISI 4340 steel,’’ Proceedings of Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, MS and T, Vol. 13, pp. 94-103, 2013.
 M. Wan, Xiangyuye, D. Wen, W. Zhang ‘‘Modeling of machining induced residual stresses,’’ J Mater Sci, Vol. 54, pp, 1-35, 2019
- Article View: 2
- PDF Download: 1