P. Keblinski, S. R. Phillpot, S. U. S. Choi, and J. A. Eastman, “Mechanisms of heat flow in suspensions of nano-sized particles (nanofluids),” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 45, pp. 855–863, 2002.
 J. C. Maxwell and J. J. Thompson, “A treatise on electricity and magnetism,” vol. 2. Clarendon, 1904.
 J. A. Eastman, S. U. S. Choi, S. Li, W. Yu, and L. J. Thompson, “Anomalously increased effective thermal conductivities of ethylene glycol- based nanofluids containing copper nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 718, No. 6, pp. 4–7, 2012.
 S. Hasan, “A review on nanoparticles: their synthesis and types,” Res. J. Recent. Sci., vol. 4, pp. 7–10, 2015.
 E. Ebrahimnia-Bajestan, M. Charjouei Moghadam, H. Niazmand, W. Daungthongsuk, and S. Wongwises, “Experimental and numerical investigation of nanofluids heat transfer characteristics for application in solar heat exchangers,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 92, pp. 1041–1052, 2016.
 M. Hemmat Esfe and S. Saedodin, “Turbulent forced convection heat transfer and thermophysical properties of MgO-water nanofluid with consideration of different nanoparticles diameter, an empirical study,” J. Therm. Anal. Calorim., vol. 119, pp. 1205–1213, 2015.
 M. H. Kayhani, M. Nazari, H. Soltanzadeh, M. M. Heyhat, and F. Kowsary, “Experimental analysis of turbulent convective heat transfer and pressure drop of Al2O3/water nanofluid in horizontal tube,” Micro Nano Lett., vol. 7, p. 223, 2012.
 K. B. Anoop, T. Sundararajan, and S. K. Das, “Effect of particle size on the convective heat transfer in nanofluid in the developing region,” Int. J. Heat Mass Transf., vol. 52, pp. 2189–2195, 2009.
 C. T. Nguyen, G. Roy, C. Gauthier, and N. Galanis, “Heat transfer enhancement using Al2O3-water nanofluid for an electronic liquid cooling system,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 27, no. 8–9, pp. 1501–1506, 2007.
 D. Dey, P. Kumar and S. Samantaray, “A review of nanofluid preparation, stability, and thermo-physical properties,” Heat Transfer-Asian Res., vol. 46, pp. 1413–1442, 2017.
 Yunus A. Cengel, “Heat transfer a practical approach,” Mcgraw-Hill, 2nd edition, 2002.
 Y. Kwon, K. Lee, M. Park, K. Koo, J. Lee, Y. Doh, S. Lee, D. Kim and Y. Jung, “Temperature dependence of convective heat transfer with nanofluids in the turbulent flow region,” J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., vol. 13, pp. 7902–7905, 2013.
 V. Gnielinski, “New equations for heat and mass transfer in turbulent pipe and channel flow,” Int. Chem. Eng., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 359–368, 1976.
 R. S. Khurmi and J. K. Gupta, “A textbook of thermal engineering,” S. CHAND& COMPANY LTD., 34th ed, New Delhi, 2012.
 S. Murshed and P. Estellé, “A state of the art review on viscosity of nanofluids,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 76, pp. 1134–1152, 2017.
 X. Wang and A. S. Mujumdar, “A review on nanofluids - Part I: Theoretical and numerical investigations,” Bra. J. Chem. Eng., vol. 25, pp. 613–630, 2008.
 H. A. Mohammeda, G. Bhaskarana, N. H. Shuaiba, and R. Saidur, “Heat transfer and fluid flow characteristics in microchannels heat exchanger using nanofluids: a review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 15, pp. 1502–1512, 2011.