Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Physics, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

2 Remote Sensing Unit, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq..


Within a short amount of years, urban land in Baghdad governorate increased as a result of the improvement of the economic factor of human beings, the speedy enlargement Buildings method brought many negative climate issues, for instance, the violent modification of land use and the growth UHI, which led to a decrease in vegetation cover, where influenced the temperature averages, Accordingly, we conducted the following study to find solutions, From 2008 to 2018, Landsat Information 5 and 8 were adopted in this analysis, show that urbanization is increasing rapidly as well as the impact of degrees Temperature in this change, was the source of temperature data (ECMWF) for the province of the study, and the results of the method (IDW) used for temperature mapping showed a change in the rates of temperature in urban areas, where the decline of vegetation impact on temperature rates, As well as commercial activities developed by people, which occupied some agricultural land, which led to negative results ,Several previous kinds of research show that the developed lands by humans will affect the local climate. The satellites used were Landsat 5 and 8, where the images of the study area were taken by these satellites during the study period and were entered into a program (ArcGIS) for the objective of modification and clear output. From the information obtained from the results, there is an inverse correlation between increasing urbanization and air temperature rates and positive correlation with solar radiation and wind speed. We conclude from this information that the development of green lands without good coordination will affect the local environment.


[1] H. Zhang, “Using satellite remote sensing, field observations and WRF/single-layer urban canopy model simulation to analyze the Oklahoma city UHI effect,” (p. 69). Master's Theses. Department of Meteorology and Climate Science. A Jose State University, 2015.
[2] M. Vuckovic, “Potential of urban densification to mitigate the effects of heat island in Vienna, Austria.,” Journal of environmental sciences. vol.6, no.86, p.12, 2019.
[3] D. Raza, “Satellite Based surveillance of LULC with deliberation on urban land,” Journal of Geography & Natural Disasters, vol.9, no.1, p.8, 2019
[4] M. T. Mahmoud, “Climatic effects of baghdad air pollution with auto exhaust for 1996-2006 using GIS,” (p. 218). Master's Theses, University of Baghdad, Department of Geography, 2008.
[5] WANG, “The relationship between land use, land cover change, and the heat island effect in Xi’an city, china,” Journal of Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, vol.17, no.4, p.12, 2019.
[6] M. Bozorgi, “Spatiotemporal monitoring of the thermal environment in Isfahan metropolitan area,” Journal of Environmental Risk Assessment and Remediation, vol.3, no.1, p.10, 2019.
[7] R. Grote, “Functional traits of urban trees: air pollution mitigation potential,” Journal of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, vol.10, no.102, p.8, 2016.
[8] M. S. Hachim, “Assessment of pollution by ozone and its causes in diurnal urban Baghdad atmosphere,” (p. 66). Master's Theses, Mustansiriya University, Department of Atmospheric Sciences, 2015.
[9] F. H. Mahmood and G. S. Al-Hassany, “Study global solar radiation based on sunshine hours in Iraq,” Iraqi Journal of Science, 55, 4A, 1663-1674, 2014.
[10] M. N. Abd and G. S. Al-Hassany, “Estimation of average of global solar radiation depending on sunshine duration hours for Iraqi metrological stations,” Iraqi Journal of Science, 60, 12, 2019.
[11] S. Vigneshwaran, “Etraction of built-up area using high resolution sentinel-2a and google satellite imagery,” International Conference on Geomatics and Geospatial Technology, vol.3, no.5, p5, 2018.
[12] F. K. Mashee and Gh. S. Hadi, “Study the wet region in Anbar province by use remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) techniques,” Iraqi Journal of Science, Vol. 58, 3A, 1333-1344, 2017