Simulation Design of Blood-pump Intelligent Controller Based on PID-like fuzzy logic Technique
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2020, Volume 38, Issue 8, Pages 1200-1213
AbstractThis paper presents a blood pump with a bearingless brushless DC motor, supported by speed, torque, and suspension force controllers. Simulation of the pump motor and its controllers tested by MATLAB/Simulink. Two Proportional plus Integral (PI) controllers are employed for controlling the rotational speed and torque of the motor. For controlling the suspension force a comparative study is presented between the Proportional plus Integral plus Derivative (PID) controller and two inputs PID-like Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC). A particle swarm optimization technique is used to find the best values for the controller’s parameters. The results of the speed and torque controllers exhibit a good time response to reach the desired speed with a short period of time and to decrease the distorting effects of the load torque successfully. Under similar conditions, the PID-like FLC that controls the suspension forces shows a better time response compared to the PID controller. An enhancement in the responses is rated between 18% and 49%, measured using the absolute integral of error criteria on the x and y axes, and in the processing, time rated between 38% and 47%, very high oscillation suppression capability is observed in the PID-like FLC response.
 J. K. Kirklin and D. C. Naftel, "Mechanical circulatory support: registering a therapy in evolution," Circulation: Heart Failure, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 200-205, Sep. 2008.
 H. Hoshi, T. Shinshi, and S. Takatani. "Third‐generation blood pumps with mechanical noncontact magnetic bearings," Artificial organs, vol. 30, no. 5, pp. 324-338, May. 2006.
 G. Schweitzer, E. H. Maslen, “Magnetic Bearings – Theory, Design and Application to Rotating Machinery,” Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, Jan. 2009.  A. Chiba, T. Fukao, O. Ichikawa, M. Ooshima, M. Takemoto, & D. G. Dorrell, “ Magnetic bearings and bearingless drives,” Elsevier, May. 2005.
 H. Zhu, Q. Cheng, and C. Wang, "Modeling of bearingless permanent magnet synchronous motor based on mechanical to electrical coordinates transformation," Science in China Series E: Technological Sciences, vol. 52, no. 12, pp. 3736, Dec. 2009.
 M. Osa, T. Masuzawa, R. Orihara, and E. Tatsumi, "Performance Enhancement of a Magnetic System in a Ultra Compact 5-DOF-Controlled Self-Bearing Motor for a Rotary Pediatric Ventricular-Assist Device to Diminish Energy Input," In Actuators, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 31. Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute, Jun. 2019.
 AK. Daud, "Brushless DC motor for medical applications," In Proceedings of the 4th international conference on Energy & development, environment & biomedicine, pp. 27-33. World Scientific and Engineering Academy and Society (WSEAS), Jul. 2010.  H. S. Zad, T. I. Khan, and I. Lazoglu, "Design and analysis of a novel bearingless motor for a miniature axial flow blood pump," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 65, no. 5, 4006-4016, Oct. 2017.  Y. V. Bogdanova, and A. M. Guskov, "Synergetic Control of Magnetic Bearings in Artificial Heart Ventricle Rotor," Biomedical Engineering, vol. 50, no. 3, pp.152-156, Sep. 2016.  H. Grabner, W. Amrhein, S. Silber, and W. Gruber, "Nonlinear feedback control of a bearingless brushless DC motor," IEEE/ASME transactions on mechatronics. vol.15, no. 1, pp. 40-47, Aug. 2009.  P. Li, J. Liu, and X. Yan, "Research on fuzzy adaptive control for permanent magnet type bearingless motor," In 2010 International Conference on Computer, Mechatronics, Control and Electronic Engineering, vol. 3, pp. 173-176. IEEE, 2010.  X. Diao, H. Zhu, and D. Zhang, "Speed and Displacement Control System of Bearingless Brushless DC Motor Based on Improved Bacterial Foraging Algorithm," In MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 75, p. 07005. EDP Sciences, Aug. 2016.  G. Štimac, S. Braut, and R. Žigulić, "Comparative analysis of PSO algorithms for PID controller tuning," Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, vol.27, no. 5, pp. 928-936, Sep. 2014.  M. Osa, T. Masuzawa, R. Orihara, and E. Tatsumi, "Compact maglev motor with full DOF active control for miniaturized rotary blood pumps," In 2017 11th International Symposium on Linear Drives for Industry Applications (LDIA), pp. 1-6. IEEE, Sep. 2017.  L. T. Meng, S. Cheng, and D. Zhang, "A Compact Magnetic Bearing System for Axial Flow Blood Pump," In IMECS, pp. 1591-1596. 2007.  D. A. Arbelaez Morales, "Motor controller simulation and embedded implementation for a blood pump," PhD diss., Queensland University of Technology, 2014.  Z. Q. You and S. M. Yang, "Nonlinear control of a magnetically levitated single-axis controlled axial blood pump," In 2015 IEEE 2nd International Future Energy Electronics Conference (IFEEC), pp. 1-6. IEEE, Nov. 2015.  M. Ooshima, "Decoupling method of radial forces in a dual rotor-type magnetic suspension motor," In The 2010 International Power Electronics Conference-ECCE ASIA-, pp. 2197-2203. IEEE, Jun. 2010.  D. B. Olsen, P. E. Allaire, H. G. Wood, R. Kipp, W. Jiang, Z. Lin, and G. Li, "Axial-flow blood pump with magnetically suspended, radially and axially stabilized impeller," U.S. Patent 7,070,398, Jul. 2006.  A. A. Obed, and A. K. Kadhim, "Speed and Current Limiting Control Strategies for BLDC Motor Drive System: A Comparative Study," International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, vol. 5, no. 2, 2018.  M. Islam, "Design and Analysis of Field Oriented Control of Permanent Magnet Brushless DC Motor," PhD diss., Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET), Khulna, Bangladesh, 2017.  A. Noshadi, J. Shi, W. S. Lee, P. Shi, and A. Kalam, "Optimal PID-type fuzzy logic controller for a multi-input multi-output active magnetic bearing system," Neural computing and applications, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 2031-2046, Oct. 2016.  S. C. Chen, V. S. Nguyen, D. K. Le, and N. T. Nam, "Active magnetic bearing system equipped with a fuzzy logic controller," J Sci Eng Technol 10, no. 2, pp. 69-80, Sep. 2014.  R. Praven, "Control of an active magnetic bearing system using pso-based tuning pid controller/Praven Rajendran," PhD diss., University of Malaya, 2017.
- Article View: 70
- PDF Download: 49