A.A. Belal , F.S. Moghanm ," Detecting urban growth using remote sensing and GIS techniques in Al Gharbiya governorate, Egypt", The Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Sciences, pp. 73–79, September2011.
 J. Mohammed," Land use and cover change assessment using Remote Sensing and GIS: Dohuk City, Kurdistan, Iraq (1998-2011)", International Journal Of Geomatics and Geosciences, Vol. 3, No 3,pp.552-569, March2013 .
 I. R. Hegazy, M. R. Kaloop,”Monitoring urban growth and land use change detection with GIS and remote sensing techniques in Daqahlia governorate Egypt”, International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment, pp.117-174,february 2015.
 D. Lu , P. Mausel, E. Brondizio & E. Moran, "Change detection techniques", International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 25,No.12, pp. 2365-2407,2004.
 D. L. Verbyla , and, S. H. Boles, "Bias in land cover change estimates due to misregistration", International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol.21, pp. 3553–3560 , 2010.
 J. R. G.Townshend , C. O .Justice, C .Gurney, and J. Mcmanus, " the effect of image misregistration on the detection of vegetation change". IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol.30, No. 5,pp. 1054–1060, 1992.
 D. A. Stow , "Reducing the effects of misregistration on pixel-level change detection", International Journal of Remote Sensing , Vol. 20, pp.2477–2483, 1999.
 COPPIN, P. R. Coppin, and M. E.Bauer ," Digital change detection in forest ecosystems with remote sensing imagery", Remote Sensing Reviews,Vol.13,No.3, pp.207-234,2009.
 O. Jasim, N. Hamed, and T. Abdulgabar,"Change detection and building spatial geodatabase for Iraqi marshes", MATEC Web of Conferences 162, 03021, 2018.
 H. R. Mohammed , N. H. Hamed , M. M. Al Bayati ,"Building of a Spatial Database to Identify Areas of Contamination by Mines and Hazardous Remnants of War by Using GIS (Analytical Study / Basra Governorate)", Anbar Journal Of Engineering Science© journal homepage: http://www.uoanbar.edu.iq/Evaluate.
 J. Im, J. R. Jensen & M. E. Hodgson," Optimizing the binary discriminant function in change detection applications" ,Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 112, No. 6, pp.2761-2776, 2008.
 E. Symeonakis , S. Koukoulas , A. Calvo-Cases, and I. Makris , " A land-use change and land degradation study in Spain and Greece using Remote Sensing and GIS", Conference: XXth International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Congress At: Istanbul, Turkey,2004.
 A. Asgarian , B. J. Amiri , and Y. Sakieh," Assessing the effect of green cover spatial patterns on urban land surface temperature using landscape metrics approach", Urban Ecosystems,Vol.18,No. 1,pp.209-222,june 2015.
 P.M. Teillet, J.L. Barker, B.L. Markham, R.R. Irish, G. Fedosejevs, and J.C. Storey ,"Radiometric cross-calibration of the Landsat-7 ETM and Landsat-5 TM sensers based on tandem data sets", Remotly sensing EnvironmentVol. 78, No.1, pp39-54,2001.