Analysis of Wear, Tensile and Thermal Properties of Poly Methyl Methacrylate Filled with Licorice Particle and Pomegranate Peels
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2020, Volume 38, Issue 10A, Pages 1539-1557
AbstractIn the present work, analysis of wear behavior, tensile and thermal properties have been done for two sets Poly Methyl Methacrylate samples which is reinforced through licorice particles and pomegranate peels particles. Wear rate resistance is evaluated based on Taguchi’s experimental design L9 (MINITAB 18) under the three factors: weight fraction of fillers (1%, 2%, 3%, 4% and 5% wt.) sliding time (5, 8 and 11 min) and load applied (10, 15and 20N) using a pin-on-disk device. Results display that the samples (Poly Methyl Methacrylate +5% licorice particles and 5% pomegranate peels particles) show the best resistance wear of (0.045×10-6 and 0.10×10-6) respectively. Signal to noise (S/N) results showed that 5% weight fraction (licorice particles and pomegranate particles with PMMA), 11 minutes (sliding time) and 15N (applied load) give the best resistance wear. Statistical analysis of tensile and thermal tests, exhibit that the best mean value of the tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, thermal conductivity, and thermal diffusivity are (±73 MPa, ±70 MPa, ±4.800 GPa, ±4.300 GPa, ±.5600 W/m k, ±.5400 W/m k, ±.3800 mm2/sec, ±.2800 mm2/sec) respectively, of the samples (PMMA+5% licorice particles and 5% pomegranate peel particles). While that the best mean value of the elongation at break (±3.600%, ±3.500%) respectively, of the samples (PMMA + 1% licorice particles and 1% pomegranate peel particles). The results showed that the addition of licorice and pomegranate particles to poly methyl methacrylate resin has improved the properties of wear, tensile and thermal properties.
 N. Abdulrazzaq, K. Jafarzadeh, M. Behroozibakhsh, H. Hajizamani, S. Habibzadeh, “ Recent advances and future perspectives for reinforcement of poly(methyl methacrylate) denture base materials: A literature review, “ Journal of Dental Biomaterials, Vol. 5, No.1, pp.490-501, 2018.
 R. A. Mohammed, “ Tensile strength, impact strength and experimental analysis wear behavior of modified zinc nitrate filled polymer,“ Materials Research Express, IOP Publishing, Vol.6, No. 125314, pp.1-10, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/ab5492.
 R. Lalit, P. Mayank, K. Ankur, “ Natural fibers and biopolymers characterization: A future potential composite material, “, Journal of Mechanical Engineering, Vol.68, No.1, pp. 33-50, 2018.
 R. H. Abdel-Rahim, R. A. Mohammed, “Experimental investigation of some properties of epoxy reinforced by egg shell particles “, International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology, Vol. 10, Issue 1, pp.152-163, 2019.  A. Hanan, “ Effect of siwak on certain mechanical properties of acrylic resin“, Journal of Oral Research Khaiaf Jor, Vol.1, pp.39-49, 2013.
 R. Karthick, P. Sirisha, M. Ravi, “Mechanical and tribological properties of PMMA-Sea shell based biocomposite for dental application“, Procedia Materials Science, Science Direct Vol.6, pp.1989 – 2000, 2014.
 G. Emre, A. Akkus, M. Karamıs, “ Wear resistance of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) with the addition of bone ash, hydroxylapatite and keratin“, IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol.295, pp.1-9, 2018, doi:10.1088/1757-899X/295/1/012004.  M. Vinosh, K. Shivashankar, M. Prasath and T. Naveen, “Comparison of material behavior for PMMA resin with silica and polycarbonate in artificial denture base“, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics, Vol.119, No.12, pp.2231-2239, 2018.  A. M. Al-Ghabban, R. A. Mohammed, J. R. Mahmood, “Analysing some mechanical properties of cinnamon powder reinforced with polymeric materials used in dental application“, Engineering and Technology Journal, Vol.37, Part A, No.3, 2019, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30684/etj.37.3A.4.  R. A. Mohammed, A. M. Al-Ghabban, “ Mechanical properties of Poly Methyl Methacrylate filled with orange pells“, ZANCO Journal of Pure Applied Sciences, Vol.31, No.3, pp.106-113, 2019, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21271/ZJPAS.31.s3.15.  M. S.Attallah, R. A. Mohammed, and A. B. AL-Zubidi,“Flexural, compressive and thermal characterization of hybrid composite Materials“, AIP Publishing Conference Proceedings, Vol.2123, pp. 020084-1–020084-12, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5117011.  R. A. Mohammed, “Effect of Al2O3 powder on some mechanical and physical properties for unsaturated polyester resin hybrid composites materials reinforced by carbon and glass fibers“, Engineering and Technology Journal, Vol.34, Part (A), No.12, pp. 2371-2379, 2016.
 Annual Book of ASTM Standard,“ Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus“, G99-04, 2000.  D. Dawson, “The history of tribology“, Bookmark, 1st edition, London; New York: Longman, London, 1978, https://trove.nla.gov.au/work/8229403.  R. A. Mohammed, Ruaa H. Abdel-Rahim, S. Hasan Khazaal,“ Wear behavior performance of polymeric matrix composites using taguchi experiments“, Al-Khwarizmi Engineering Journal, Vol.15, No.4, pp.33-45, 2019.
- Article View: 14
- PDF Download: 5