Document Type : Research Paper


1 Electro-mechanical Engineering, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq

2 Computer Science Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq


The great development in the field of information and communication technology (ICT) moved the education reality to a new horizon, where the internet touches almost all aspects of digital learning, we are currently experiencing the existence of electronic platforms in  large extent, especially in the field of electronic learning (E-learning), The existence of these platforms stems from the importance of education in general and the importance of transferring the educational process to electronic areas to facilitate learning, in particular, This research aims to target the problems experienced by e-learning in Iraq and offer some recommendations that may contribute to reducing this delay to promote educational reality. An electronic questionnaire was published for students and teaching staff, in which 30 questions was asked. The number of samples participating in the questionnaire was 100 Professors, students, and teachers. Results of the questionnaire showed that they have fully sentient of the essential implementation of electronic learning and its delay reasons.


[1] A. S. Elameer, and R. M. Idrus, “EL AMEER-IDRUS
Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, Vol.
10, No. 4, pp. 9, 2011.
[2] V. Arkorful and N. Abaidoo, “The role of elearning, the advantages and disadvantages of its
adoption in Higher Education,” International Journal of
Education and Research, Vol. 2, No. 12,p p. 14, 2014.
[3] A. Al-Azawei,p p. Parslow, and K. Lundqvist,
“Barriers and Opportunities for E-Learning
Implementation in Iraq: A Case of Public
Universities,” The International Review of Research in
Open and Distributed Learning, Vol. 17, No. 5, Sep.
[4] N. Ameen and R. Willis, “The use of e-learning of
students in Iraqi universities: potential and
challenges,” presented at the 8th International Visible
Conference on Educational Studies & Applied
Linguistics (VESAL2017), Erbil, Iraq, 2017.
[5] R.C. Clark, R.E. Mayer, “E-Learning and the
Science of Instruction,” Wiley, 2011.
[6] Islam, N., & Azad, N. “Satisfaction and
continuance with a learning management system,” The
International Journal of Information and Learning
Technology, 32(2), 109–123, 2015.
[7] A. Elsaadany and K. Abbas, “Development and
implementation of e-learning system in smart
educational environment,” in 2016 39th International
Convention on Information and Communication
Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics
(MIPRO), pp. 1004–1009, 2016.
[8] F. ENNEB-BenKhaled and M. Maraoui, “Toward a
smart E-leaming system (A state of the art),” in 2017
International Conference on Engineering MIS
(ICEMIS), pp. 1–7, 2017.
[9] A.S. Elameer, & R.M. Idrus, “The readiness for an
e-learning system in the University of Mustansiriyah
(UoMust) Baghdad-Iraq,” Malaysian Journal of
Educational Technology, 10(2), 31–41, 2010.
(UOMUST),” The Turkish Online Journal of
Educational Technology, Vol. 10, No. 4, p p. 9, 2011.
[11] Smedley, J.K.”Modeling the impact of knowledge
management using technology”. OR Insight, 23, 233–
[12] V. Arkorful and N. Abaidoo, “The Role of eLearning, the Advantages and Disadvantages of Its
Adoption in Higher Education.” International Journal
of Education and Research, 2, 397-410, 2014.
[13] Z.M. Tahir, H. Haron, and J.K.G. Singh,
“Evolution of Learning Environment: A Review of
Ubiquitous Learning Paradigm Characteristics,”
Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and
Computer Science, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 175–181, 2018.
[14] “History of the Open University | Open
University.” [Online]. Available:
[15] F.M. Chan, ICT in Malaysian schools: Policy and
strategies. ICT in Education, pp. 15–22, 2012.
[16] M.T.A. Hua, Promises and threats: iN2015
Masterplan to pervasive computing in Singapore. Sci.
Technol. Soc 17, 1, 37–56, 2012.
[17] IBM, Smart Education, 2012,
n_uk__cities__ibm_smarter_ education_now.pdf.
[18] J.W. Choi, Y.J. Lee, “The Status of SMART
Education in KOREA,” World Conference on
Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and
Telecommunications, 1, 175-178, 2012.
[19] New York Smart Schools Commission Report,
s/archive/ governor_files/SmartSchoolsReport.pdf.
[20] M. Kankaanranta, T. Mäkelä, “Valuation of
emerging learning solutions,” in World Conference on
Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and
Telecommunications, Tampere, Finland, 2014.
[21] “(PDF) the Virtual University of Tunis,
Realisations, and Perspectives.” [Online].
[22] A.M. Al-Asmari and M.S. Rabb Khan, “Elearning in Saudi Arabia: Past, present, and future,”
Near and Middle Eastern Journal of Research in
Education, No. 2014, p p. 2, Jan. 2014.
[23] “(PDF) Implementing e-learning in the Jordanian
Higher Education System: Factors affecting impact,”
Research Gate. [Online]. Available:
[24] “(PDF) e-Learning in the Egyptian Public
Universities: Overview and Future Prospective,”
ResearchGate. [Online]. Available:
[25] “(PDF) Curriculum Development in the United
Arab Emirates,” ResearchGate. [Online]. Available:
[26] B. O’Malley, “Education under Attack 2014.
Retrieved from
ents/eua_2014_full_0.pdf, 2014.
[27] N. Matar, Z. Hunaiti, S. Halling, & S. Matar, “Elearning acceptance and challenges in the Arab
Region,” In S. Abdallah & F. Albadri (Eds.), ICT
acceptance, investment, and organization: Cultural
practices and values in the Arab world (pp. 184–200,
2010. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
[28] A. Al-Din, & K. AlRadhi, “Distance learning/elearning for Iraq: Concept and road map,” American
Society for Information Science and Technology, 34,
3, 34–37, 2008.