Effect of Different Fiber Reinforcements on Some Properties of Prosthetic Socket
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2021, Volume 39, Issue 11, Pages 1715-1726
AbstractIn the perspective of environmental advance, significant attentiveness is being displayed in the usage of natural fibers like reinforcement in polymer composites. This paper focuses on building a prosthetic socket arranged from natural fiber-reinforced composite as an effort to substitute material currently accessible in the manufacturing of the socket. The vacuum bagging procedure was adopted to yield a below-knee socket. The laminates encompass woven flax, sisal, cotton, carbon, person, and glass fabric. The impact of diverse fiber layering sequences on some of the physical and mechanical characteristics was assessed. Laminated specimens were characterized by tests such as (hardness, surface roughness, density, water absorption). The results of this study showed that consuming altered forms of reinforcing materials had an abundant influence on the properties of prepared composite and the values of (hardness, surface roughness, and density) properties improved with increasing of the volume fraction of materials and the best composite specimens were three layers of flax with two layers of carbon fiber, were the hardness property ranges 86 MPa and density of (1.276 gm. /cm3) due to their exceptional mechanical properties. The results of the present study advocate that the arrangement of natural and synthetic reinforcements allows the preparation of bio-composites with enhanced performance.
- It has become a necessity to use alternative materials when costly materials are not available and there is a high demand for prostheses.
- Biomaterials, having fibers derived from plants, may offer the needed substitute.
- Altered types and numbers of reinforcing materials had an abundant influence on the properties of the composite prosthetic socket.
 M. J. Jweeg, A. Alhumandy, and H.A. Hamzah, Material characterization and stress analysis of opening in syme prosthesis, Int. J. Mech. Mechatronics Eng., 17 (2017) 100-108.
 X. Jia, M. Zhang, W. C. C. Lee, Load transfer mechanics between the trans-tibia prosthetic socket and residual limb - dynamic effects Journal of Biomechanics, 37 (2003) 1371-1377.
 D. A. Berry, Composite materials for orthotics and prosthetics, J. Prosthetists Orthotic, 40 (1987) 35–43.
 T. Fu, J. L. Zhao, K. W. Xu, The designable elastic modulus of 3-D fabric reinforced Bio composites, Mater Let, 61 (2006) 330-333.
 S. L. Evans, P. J. Greg son, Composite technology in load-bearing orthopedic implants, Biomaterials, 19 (1998) 1329-1342.
 L. J. Marks, J. W. Michael, Artificial limbs, British Medical Journal, 323 (2001) 732-735.
 G.M. Jenkins, F. X. de Carvalho, Biomedical applications of carbon fiber reinforced carbon in implanted prostheses, Carbon, 15 (1977) 33-37.
 A. I. Campbell, S. Sexton, C. J. Schaschke, H. Kinsman, B. McLaughlin, M. Boyle, Prosthetic limb sockets from plant-based composite materials, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, 36 (2012) 181–189.
 J. K. Oleiwi, S. J. Ahmed, Studying the tensile and buckling for PMMA reinforced by jute fibers for prosthetic pylon, Eng. &Tech. Journal, 34 (2016) 111-122.
 J. S. Chiad, M. S. Tahir, Enhancement of the mechanical properties for above-knee prosthetic socket by using the bamboo fiber, International Journal of Energy and Environment, 8 (2017) 331-338.
 A. Fadhel, J. S. Chaid, And I. M. Jali, Calculation of moisture expansion coefficient of the above-knee prosthetic socket lamination materials, 20 (2016) 189-196.
 A. P. Irawana, T. P. Soemardib, K. Widjajalaksmic, and A. H. S. Reksoprodjo, Tensile and flexural strength of ramie fiber reinforced epoxy composites for socket prosthesis application, International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, 6 (2011) 46-50.
 B. C. M. Rosalman, Woven kenaf bast fiber as an alternative for glass fiber stockinet in laminated composite structure to fabricate prosthetic leg socket, M.Sc. Thesis, University Putra Malaysia, ( 2012).
 F. M. Kadhim, A. M. Takhakh, and A. M. Abdullah, Mechanical properties of polymer with different reinforcement material composite that used for fabricating prosthetic socket, Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research And Developments (Jmerd), 42 (2019) 118-123.
 D. Widhata, R. Ismail, and Sulardjaka, Water hyacinth (eceng gondok) as fiber reinforcement composite for prosthetics socket, Annual Conference on Industrial and System Engineering (ACISE), (2019).
 A. S. Atesalp, K. Erler, E. Gur, and C. Solakoglu, Below-knee amputations as a result of land-mine injuries: Comparison of primary closure versus delayed primary closure, J Trauma, 47 (1999) 724–727.
- Article View: 38
- PDF Download: 74