Design and Implementation of an Electromechanical Brake System
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2022, Volume 40, Issue 1, Pages 31-39
AbstractNowadays, hydraulic brakes are already being replaced by electromechanical brakes (EMB) to improve quick-response brakes, efficient fuel consumption, environmentally sound, simple maintenance, and enhanced safety design. It is suggested that the electromechanical brake will be one of the most important brake systems in the future. This study focuses on designing and implementing an electromechanical brake based on a brushless DC (BLDC) motor and position controller to generate and control the required braking force at a variable friction coefficient between disc and pad. A feedback controller equipped with a measuring sensor is usually utilized to control this type of brake. Thus, three controllers for current, speed, and position were implemented in successive loops to control the motor movement. This system has current, speed, and force sensors. Due to implementation difficulties and cost issues of braking, the clamping sensor should be replaced with a position sensor with some modification where a position controller has been designed and implemented. The results showed that the clamping force of the brake system can follow the target accurately and it has good performance. Also, it is shown that this system can adjust the brake force more accurately and quickly compared with the traditional.
- Pad wear result is affected by the nature of calculating the coefficient of friction.
- The dissipated heat due radiation has small effect on the total heat loss and the wear.
- The EMB braking force path changes dramatically when including the pad wear.
 S. B. McLaughlin, J. M. Hankey, S. G. Klauer, and T. A. Dingus, Contributing Factors to Run-Off-Road Crashes and Near-Crashes, U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, NHTSA Final Report, Jan. (2009).
 K. Pickerel, K. Pickerel, Today's technician classroom manual for automotive brake systems, 7th Edition, Today's technician, (2019).
 P. N. Amish, Computer aided design and analysis of disc brake rotors, Advances in Automobile Engineering, 05 (2016).
 A. J. Day, Braking of Road Vehicles, 1st Edition, Butterworth Heinemann, Butterworth- Heinemann,( 2014).
 K. Reif, Brake Control and Driver Assistance Systems: Function, Regulation and Components, 1st Ed., Bosch Professional Automotive Information, Springer Viewer, (2014).
 W. Xiang, P. C. Richardson, C. Zhao, and S. Mohammad, Automobile Brake-by-Wire Control System Design and Analysis, IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 57 (2008).
 C. Martinez, E. Velenis, D. Tavernini, and B. Gao, Modelling and estimation of friction brake torque for a brake by wire system, in IEEE, International Electric Vehicle Conference, (2014).
 R. Trifa, C. Martis, C. Martis, K. Biro, A. Maria, Design and analysis of a permanent magnet synchronous machine for automotive electromechanical braking system , Przegląd Elektrotechniczny R. 88 NR 7b, 2012, pp. 141-144, (2012).
 F. Kalluf, C. Pompermaier, C. Pompermaier, M.V. Ferreira da Luz, N. Sadowski, Braking torque analysis of the single phase line-start permanent magnet synchronous motor, XIX International Conference on Electrical Machines - ICEM 2010, 6-8 Sept. (2010).
 Okwuchi C. Emereole, Malcolm C. Good, Comparison of the Braking Performance of Electromechanical and Hydraulic ABS Systems, ASMI International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, IMECE2005-79368, pp. 319-328, 2005.
 C.L.J. Line, Modelling and control of an automotive electromechanical brake, Ph.D. dissertation, 2007.  K. Yang, J. Li, L. Guo, and Y. Li, Design and simulation of electromechanical brake system, Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 39 (2008) 24–27.
 X.M. Liao, Design and Application of Electromechanical Brake System, Applied Mechanics and Materials, 705 (2014) 152-156.
 S.A. Nayak, G. Kiran, P.S. Kushal, B.V. Madhu, M.K. Ravishankar, Design and fabrication of electromechanical parking brake system, International journal of engineering research and technology, 3 (2014).
 S.-K. Baek, H.-K. Oh, S.-W. Kim, and S.-I. Seo, A clamping force performance evaluation of the electro mechanical brake using pmsm, Energies, 11 (2018) 2876.
 S.-K. Baek, H.-K. Oh, J.-H. Park, Y.-J. Shin and S.-W. Kim, Evaluation of Efficient Operation for Electromechanical Brake Using Maximum Torque per Ampere Control, Energies, 12 (2019) 1869.
- Article View: 126
- PDF Download: 111