Document Type : Review Paper


1 aChemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Mutah University, P.O. Box 7, Karak, 61710, Jordan

2 Ministry of Science and Technology, AL-Tuwatha Nuclear site, Central Laboratories Directorate (CLD), Baghdad- Iraq.

3 Nuclear Science Research Institute (NSRI), National Center for Nuclear Technology, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

4 Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, 2500 UniversityDrive NW, Calgary, AB T2N1N4, Canada

5 Department of Physics, Gombe State University, Tudun Wada, PMB 127, Gombe State, Nigeria


Radioactive waste is generated from fuel cycle processes in nuclear reactors and nuclear power plants (NPPs) in electrical power production, radioisotope manufacturing in nuclear research centers, and medical, industrial, and agricultural applications. Also, natural chain-linked radioisotopes (NORM) are generated from processing and burning fossil fuels and producing oil and natural gas. Therefore, a planned and integrated radioactive waste management strategy must be adopted to protect human health and the environment from the dangers of this waste through published research on a comprehensive radioactive waste management strategy and the testing and dissemination of several treatment options. The main objective is to draw the scientific community's attention to the possibility of using pressure-driven membrane separation in treating radioactive wastewater compared to conventional methods. This short review addresses developments in the treatment and removal of radioactive effluents (LRWs) by pressure-driven membrane methods and improvements in routine treatment of dissolved radioactive ions by chemical treatment of the feed solution followed by membrane separation. Also, recent advances in treating radioactive waste use nanoparticles (NPs) incorporated in polymeric membranes.

Graphical Abstract


  • The current short review addresses developments in treating and removing radioactive effluents (LRWs).
  • Pressure-driven membrane separation could be used to treat radioactive wastewater instead of current procedures.
  • Nanoparticle-incorporated polymeric membranes are used to handle radioactive waste.


Main Subjects

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