Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

Mechanical Engineering Dept., University of Technology-Iraq, Alsina’a street, 10066 Baghdad, Iraq.

Abstract

In this study, natural heat convection caused by centric and vertically eccentric long horizontal cylinders under the influence of vibration is experimentally investigated. The internal wall of the annulus is heated and kept at a constant heat flux, while the outside wall is cooled and maintained at a constant temperature. The vibration frequency impacts the annular convection heat transfer process and the effects of the Rayleigh number, heat flow, and eccentricity. This work employed a moderate, laminar-ranging Rayleigh number from (5×104 to 6.48×106), while the eccentricity range is varied from (-0.667, 0, and+0.667). The investigation is carried out at five different frequencies (0, 2, 5, 10, 15, and 20 Hz); therefore, it was decided to compare the case under the same circumstances in both the absence and presence of vibration. The present results' verification worked exceptionally well in concordance with previous studies. When heat fluxes are considered, the study demonstrates that the temperature difference along the gap (radial difference) between the two cylinders significantly decreases for negative as opposed to positive eccentricities for each Rayleigh number. For different eccentricities, it was discovered that the temperature difference decreased as the Rayleigh number increased. Along with these reductions, the temperature difference was promoted as the vibration frequency increased, which is significant at (20 Hz) within the range considered for controlling parameters. It was also observed that the decrease in temperature difference is higher for the negative eccentric position than for the centric and positive positions. At vertical positive eccentricity at a low Rayleigh number, the gain in vibrational average Nusselt number caused by applying vibration had a minimum value of 22.50601475%, While at the higher value of the Rayleigh number, the maximum increase in negative vertical eccentricity was 86.66933125%. However, the gain in the average Nusselt number depends on the position of the heated inner cylinder, the Rayleigh number, and the vibrational frequency. 

Graphical Abstract

Highlights

  • Heat transfer rate from vibrated heated inner cylinder increased with increased vibration intensity.
  • After a critical value of vibrational inner cylinder heat transfer decreased.
  • The decrease in temperature difference is higher for the negative eccentric position than for the centric and positive positions.

Keywords

Main Subjects

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