Isobaric Vapor - Liquid Equilibria of Gasoline Additives Systems At 101.3 kPa
Engineering and Technology Journal,
2010, Volume 28, Issue 7, Pages 1361-1385
AbstractIn this study, isobaric vapor-liquid equilibrium of gasoline additives for three
ternary systems: “MTBE + Ethanol + 2-Methyl-2-propanol”, “Ethanol + 2-
Methyl-2-propanol + Octane”, and “MTBE + Ethanol + Octane” at 101.3kPa are
studied. Furthermore three binary systems: “ethanol + 2-Methyl-2-propanol”,
“MTBE + Ethanol”, and “MTBE + Octane” at 101.3 kPa have been studied.
The binary system “MTBE + Ethanol” forms minimum boiling azeotrope.
The azeotrope data are x1(AZ) =0.955 mole fraction and T(AZ) =327.94 K. The
other ternary systems and the other binary systems do not form azeotrope.
All the literature data used passed successfully the test for thermodynamic
consistency using McDermott-Ellis test method.
In this study the calculation of VLE K–values is done by using three
methods, the first method uses modified Soave Redlich and Kwong (SRK),
modified Peng and Robinson (PR) equations of state for two phases. The second
method uses SRK-EOS for vapor phase with (NRTL, UNIQUAC and UNIFAC
activity coefficient models) for liquid phase and using PR-EOS for vapor phase
with (NRTL, UNIQUAC and UNIFAC activity coefficient models) for liquid
phase. The third method uses the Wong- Sandler mixing rules and the PRSV- EOS
based on GE of (NRTL and UNIQUAC activity coefficient models).
The non ideality of both vapor and liquid phases for the literature data for
the ternary and binary systems have been accounted for predicting VLE K–values
using the maximum likelihood principle for parameter estimation which provides a
mathematical and computational guarantee of global optimality in parameters
The Wong- Sandler mixing rules and the PRSV- EOS based on excess Gibbs free
energy GE of NRTL activity coefficient model give more accurate results for
correlation and prediction of the K-values than other methods for the ternary and
binary systems which contain asymmetric and polar compounds.
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