Optical technologies have great potential for the implementation of high-speed
systems due to their potential for a decrease in size, weight and power
consumption and an increase in speed, capacity, bandwidth and integration degree.
In this paper a study for the Integrated Photonics properties versus Integrated
Electronics had been presented, different types of photonic components are
maintained, the fabrication technology is explained using the Encoder/Correlator
on GaAs-Based Photonic Integrated Circuit for Photonic Networks, various limits
and challenges are discussed, different suggestion are discussed for the future.