Architects and urban designers face many dilemmas when they designed any
residential complex or a suitable residential environment, and these dilemmas or
problems were represented with a batch of urban challenges that are associated with
the rapid development of the cities and may become obstacle in front of them when
designing and implementing their projects. Some international organizations
including the United Nations, has raised some of these problems and put solutions to
them, while others are still marginal or without radical solutions. Research has
submited the most important challenges in residential environment and categorised
them into three main types, namely, (urban challenges associated with human need,
urban challenges associated with residential environment, and urban challenges at the
urban level). One of the most important challenges that must be taken into
consideration when designing is the chellenge of providing safety and security in
residential environment, where the need of security and safety represents one of the
most basic human needs that provides human tranquility and a sense of stability when
The research problem was that there was no clear vision about the role of spacial
organization to achieve safety and security in residential environment. The research
aims to identify the elements of spacial organization in raising the level of safety and
security in the residential environment, and it based in achieving this goal to
hypothesis, which is spacial organization had role in raising the level of safety and
security in the residential environment through its local and globale characterstics.
The research had identified the impact of special organization charachterstics on
raising the level of safety and security in the residential environment, also it came out
with new items which were not mentioned previously, those are (Visibility), (Visual
Depth) and (Visual Integration) and the impact of those items on the availability of
residential safety and security.
The research had identified the most important variables affecting the human
sense of security and safety, it also concluded that achieving security (which is
psychological) comes through the availability of security (which is materialistic)
resulting from the design and its vocabularies, one of it is the vocabularies of spacial
organization and the synthetic properties of urban structure.