Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Volume 33, Issue 3

Volume 33, Issue 3, March 2015, Page 67-577


Two Factor Authentication Based Generated One Time Password

Hilal Hadi; Rana Faeez

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 373-383

This paper explains a method of how the two factors authentication implemented using software token to generateOne Time Password (OTP)to secure users accounts. The proposed method guarantees authenticating e-learning features. The proposedsystem involves generating of OTP by using authentication web service. The generatedcode is valid for only one login and it is verifiedusingSecuredCryptographic Algorithm. The proposed system has been implemented and tested successfully.

Face Recognition Based on PCA, LBP and SVM Techniques

Omar Ibrahim Yehya Dallal Bashi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 384-392

Although many of methods have accomplished good success in face recognition systems, but most of them are unable to achieve recognition by using a single sample per person. In this paper, a combination of three techniques represented by local binary pattern (LBP), principal component analysis (PCA) and support vector machine (SVM) is used to present face recognition system has the ability to recognize face depending on Single Sample per Person only. The LBP and PCA are applied to extract the important features as well as reduce the dimension of the image face while the SVM is applied to classify these features according to the classes that belong to its. The proposed approach was evaluated on Yale database and the experimental results showed distinct improvement of the proposed method compared with traditional PCA based SVM classifier.

Classification Mammogram Images Using ID3 decision tree Algorithm Based on Contourlet Transform

Matheel Emaduldeen Abdulmunim; Zainab Fawzy Abed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 393-409

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy of women and is the second most common and leading cause of cancer deaths among them. At present, there are no effective ways to prevent breast cancer, because its cause is not yet fully known. Early detection is an effective way to diagnose and manage breast cancer can give a better chance of full recovery. Therefore, early detection of breast cancer can play an important role in reducing the associated morbidity and mortality rates. In this paper, using contourlet transform that can capture the intrinsic geometrical structure that is key in visual information. The contourlet expansion is composed of basis images oriented in various directions in multiple scales, with flexible aspect ratios. The basic idea of this paper is to design and implement a proposed system that can aid the physician in reading a mammogram image by study the usage of wavelet and contourlet transform based on various operations on mammogram images and classifies them as normal, benign or malignant based on the decision tree ID3 algorithm. The experimental results show that the ID3 classifier achieves accuracy of 81% in the case of wavelet transform and 95% with contourlet transform for the same number of the test set.

Automated Arabic Essay Scoring (AAES) Using Vectors Space Model (VSM) and Latent Semantics Indexing (LSI)

Ayad R. Abbas; Ahmed S.Al-qazaz

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 410-426

Automated EssaysScoring (AES) stands for the ability of computer technologiesto evaluate electronic essays written by learner according topreviously determined essay. All the previous works andresearches were applied to essays written in English language and they were applied to essays written inBahasa, Hebrew, Malay, Chinese, Japanese, and Swedish. The research paper suggests an Automated Arabic EssaysScoring (AAES) system onweb-based learning context based on Vectors Space Model (VSM) and Latent Semantics Indexing (LSI). The proposed system consists of two main processes. The firstprocess, deals with applying informationretrieval mechanics to retrieve the significant information from electronic essays. Inthe secondprocess,VSM and LSI areapplying to find out the similarity degree between thepreviously written essays by the instructorand the essay written by the learner.
The experiments of ourresults reveal that the proposed system provides an electronic assessment closer to instructors’ traditional judgment, leading toimprove thelearning’sefficiency, performance and to overcome.

A New Random Keys Generator Depend on Multi Techniques

Alaa kadhim; Hussein Abed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 427-442

A stream cipher is a symmetric cipher which operates with a time-varying transformation onIndividual plaintext digits. By contrast, block ciphers operate with a fixed transformation on large blocks of plaintext digits. Where in the operation of Key generator is using the LFSR to generate random keys where the shift register is controlled by an external clock. At each time unit, each digit is shifted one stage to the right. The content of the rightmost stage is output. The new content of the leftmost stage is the feedback bit, st+L.
this paper presents design and implementation system of keys generator with nonlinear random of output keys and large moment bits, this system consists of three part from registers , logical circuits and search algorithm using AI work in parallel time to find the result, the LFSRs in registers part (left and right of system)can generate huge moment of bits and pass in randomness test, those bits by the logical circuit and search algorithm convert from linear to nonlinear to get more difficult in break secret keys, finally, the keys can be used in stream cipher or in block cipher methods.

Structural and Electric Investigations of Al-doped nano Nickel Ferrite

Salam H. Ali Al-Hadad; Shahad Humam Sulaiman

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 443-452

Aluminum doped nickel ferrite samples with composition NiFe2-xAlxO4 (where; x=0, 0.2 ,0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1, 1.2, 1.4), were synthesized by using sol-gel auto combustion method at temperature about 200°C,then pelletized and sintered at different temperatures (900, 1000, 1100 and 1200°C) . The present work focuses on studying the structural and electrical properties of Ni-Al ferrite by using many analysis’s like x-ray diffraction, LCR meter, FTIR and AFM. The results show that the chemical composition has a major effect on electrical, structural, and physical properties. The result also showed that the dielectric constant and dielectric loss decreased with the increase of the Al content in Ni-Al ferrite sintered at 12000C.

Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Study of Some Transition Metal Complexes with Guaifenesin

Shaymaa Shamil Hasan Al-Hashimi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 453-460

The present work includes the preparation confirmation and bioassay of novel complexes of the ligand [3-(o-methoxy phenoxy-1, 2-propanediol], with metalCr (III), Co (II), Ni (II) and Cu (II) were also formed and studied. The new complexes were characterized by FT-IR Spectroscopy and UV-Visible spectroscopy.
The metal complexes have been tested in vitro against a number of microorganisms (gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus) and gram negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa)) in order to assess their antimicrobial properties. All our complexes showed considerable activity against all bacteria.

A Study of a Prey-Predator System with Disease in Prey

Raid Kamel Naji; Basim N. Abood; Ala; a Abbas M.Rasheed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 461-477

In this paper, the dynamical behavior of some eco-epidemiological models is investigated. Two types of prey-predator models involving infectious disease in prey population, which divided it into two compartments; namely susceptible population S and infected population I, are proposed and analyzed. The proposed model deals with SIS infectious disease that transmitted directly from external sources, as well as, through direct contact between susceptible and infected individuals. The model are represented mathematically by the set of nonlinear differential equations .The existence, uniqueness and boundedness of this model are investigated. The local and global stability conditions of all possible equilibrium points are established. Finally, the numerical simulations are used to study the global dynamics of the model.

Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles and Study the Optical and Antibacterial Properties

Abdulhadi kadhim AL-Ogaili; Abdurahman K. Ali; Tamir H. Ali

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 478-487

In this work,preparationand characterization of Silver nanoparticles which were synthesized by pulsed (Q-switched, 1064 and 532nm doubled frequency-Nd: YAG) laser ablation of silver metal immersed in double distilled and deionized water DDDW, without any chemical additives and studied the optical, and antibacterial properties by using different techniques. The fluence of laser parameters such as number of pulses as well as laser fluence on the properties of nanoparticles elucidated. It has been observed that laser energy and number of laser pulses have a control over the size of the nanoparticles. Increasing laser energy and number of pulses shows a clear blue shift in the absorption peak of fabricated nanoparticles indicating that the average size of the particles decreases with increasing laser energy and number of pulses. Ablation for longer period reduces the average size of nanoparticles.The Antibacterial of synthesized silver NPs against four pathogens: streptococcus, staphylococcus, proteus and Enterobacterwere studied.

Image Classification Based on Hybrid Compression System

Nidaa F. Hassan; Noor Emad A. lhamza

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 488-511

Due to the fast development of internet technologies and multimedia archives are growing rapidly, especially digital image libraries which represent increasingly an important volume of information, it is judicious to develop powerful browsing computer systems to handle, index, classify and recognize images in database. In this paper anew algorithm image classification is proposed. Thispaper presents an efficient content-based image indexing technique for searching similar images using daubechies wavelet with discrete cosine transform. The aim of this work was to realize the image classification using hybrid compression system. The image was classified using 10 classes.

Propose Data Mining System to Advance E-Learning Over Online Social Network (Facebook)

Soukaena Hassan Hashem; Sarraa Mowaffaq Abood

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 512-527

This research presents a proposal to advance e-learning over online social network, facebook, through analyzing the structure of this network and the behavior of their users. This proposalwill construct facebook group for Iraqi postgraduate higher education computer sciences students (IPHECSS), this group consist of 300 users.
The Proposal has four consequence steps to advance the e-learning over facebook, these steps are:
1. Constructing a proposed student’s facebooks dataset for Iraq students' society called Iraqi postgraduate higher education students (IPHES), which contains self-defined characteristics of a student’s facebooks.
2. Applying customized Frequent Pattern (FP-growth) Association Rule (AR) technique to IPHES dataset as a ranker (since it calculates the frequency of attributes) and mining technique (since it extracts knowledge to predict decision making to support e-learning over facebook through analyzing student’s behavior).
3. Applying Traditional k-mean and proposed Modified k-mean techniques to IPHES dataset to advance the traditional KM in clustering the students to introduce the structure of network’s users; this helps in supporting e-learning over facebok through analyzing students broadcasting and activities. Modification on k-mean is done by injecting a preprocessing substep in traditional KM called attributes weighting depending on ranking results obtained by applying AR as a ranker and modifying Euclidian distance similarity measure to result vectors instead of single value.
4. Analyzing the results of both association rules and clustering using excel2007 and UCINET software.

Preparation and Characterization of Tin Oxide Thin Films by Using Spray Pyrolysis Technique

Selma M. H. Al-Jawad; Fadheela H. Oleiwe; Jabbar .H. Khulaef

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 528-538

In this work, tin oxide thin films have been prepared by Spray pyrolysis technique, using tin chloride over soda – lime glass. Structural and optical properties were studied under different conditions like substrate temperatures of 300, 350 and 400°C, and annealing in air at temperature 300°C for 1 hr. The films were characterized by XRD, SEM, AFM, and UV-VIS analysis. The optical spectra of the films were measured in the wavelength range of 300 –900 nm by UV-VIS Spectrometer device. The X-ray diffraction studies confirmed the films have the orthogonal structure at low substrate temperature change to a tetragonal structure at high substrate temperature. Films prepared with different substrate temperatures were correspond to preferential orientation along the plane (132) and (110) planes for structural orthogonal, tetragonal respectively. The grain size founded( 25.2-9.77nm) for different substrate temperatures range ( 300- 400°C) after annealing , from the (SEM) images the grain size values of the SnO2 thin films are found to be in the range of (32.3-24.2 nm) corresponding to the substrate temperature (350 and 400°C) after annealing and from the AFM the root mean square (RMS) values for the thin film at substrate temperature 350C was found to be 10.4 nm, the surface roughness 8.86 nm. The maximum value of transmittance was found to be 78 % around the wavelength of 900nm at substrate temperatures 300°C also have energy gap (2.9-3.4eV) at substrate temperatures range ( 300- 400°C) after annealing in air at temperature 300°C for 1 hr.

Morphology, Optical and Electrical Properties of Tin Oxide Thin Films Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis Method

Wafaa K. Khalef; Eklas K. Hamza; Amenah A. Salman

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 539-546

Transparent conducting tin oxide thin films have been prepared by spray pyrolysis technique. Structure, optical and electrical properties of prepared films at different concentration (0.1, 0.2,0.3,0.4) mol/litter were studied at substrate temperature (550ºC) .UV-Vis spectrophotometer shows that the transmittance increases with the decrease in the concentration of SnO2 thin films and it received 87% for the lower concentration (0.1 mol/litter). From AFM image notice that the smoothness and homogeneous of the films are decreasing with increasing the aqueous solution molarity. I-V characteristic of the SnO2 films shows the thin film behavior was close to Ohm’s law.

Investigate and Comparison Effect add Amorphous and Crystalline - Nano SiO2 on Properties of Concrete

Rami Joseph Aghajan Sldozian

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 547-555

In this paper, the study included the comparison between amorphous silica and crystalline silica (quartz), and with nano scale size, two types of silicawere added to concrete by ratios (5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%) as a replacement by the weight of cement. Destructive and non-destructive tests wereconducted on the specimens, the results show in destructive test the compressive and tensile strength increase in 15%wt addition ratio in both types of silica, but in amorphous silica was high than in quartz.The results of non-destructive tests show in (Schmidt Hammer) the 15% ratio in both kinds of silica show high hardness than other ratios. Ultra sonic (pules velocity) test, noted the better quality was in 15% ratio in amorphous silica and also show fastest pules velocity.

Characterization of (Nanostructures Silver/Silicon Nano Porous) Active Substrates for Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) as a Function to Porous Silicon Parameters

Russul M. shehab; Alwan M. Alwan

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 556-563

Electrochemical etching processes at different current densities were used to prepare nano porous silicon with different porosities.A series of nanostructures silver/ nanoporous silicon (NAg/NPSi)active substrate was prepared by an immersion-platingmethod.Through controlling the current density,the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)behaviors to crptocyanen (CY) dyewere contrastively studied, fora concentration of (10−5 M),The (SERS) behavior was attributed to the size of the deposited silver nanoparticles on porous layer. The sensitivity of SERS signal increases with increasing the porosity of the porous sample.

Hybrid Algorithm to Improve Robustness of Image Watermarking

Ammar Fakhri Mahdi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 564-570

Watermarking is the process of embedding digital information into any multimedia data such as an image, audio or video file in such a way that intruder cannot be able to trace the signal to protect copyright of intellectual property of the owners. In this paper, a new hybrid watermarking algorithm is proposed by using discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and slant let transform (SLT) which are the most robust to attack rather than least significant bit (LSB) for the protection of digital Images. Embedding watermark is accomplished in still images (JPEG) true color in high frequency sub bands by combining the two transforms. The watermark is applied to many images, and the results showed that the proposed algorithm offers good performance and has good robustness against different types of attacks and it does not affect the transparency of the cover image.

Shilkret Integral Based on Binary-Element Sets and its Application in The Area of Synthetic Evaluation

Jabbar Abbas Ghafil

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 571-577

The aim of this paper is to present a new framework for studying fuzzy measure and Shilkret integral which is an alternative framework from usual fuzzy measure and Shilkret integral. First, we define a fuzzy measure based on binary-element sets, then, we propose Shilkret integral with respect to fuzzy measure based on binary-element sets, and we illustrate our framework by a practical example on synthetic evaluation.

The Effect of Temperatures and Immersion Time on The Polymer Blend Reinforced by Ceramic Particles

Sadeer Mouwfaq Majeed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 67-75

In this research polymer blend was prepared from (EP-Novolac) reinforced by ceramic particles (SiC), which added as (10%, 20%, 30%) Wt to the blend, by using hand lay-up method
Some mechanical properties were studied on the specimens of the above mentioned materials such as hardness and wear, at different temperatures and immersion times, The samples were immersed in (HCL) and (NaOH) solutions with normality (0.5 N) for (2 and 4) weeks at different temperature (25 ,44, 62) ˚C
And then the results of the reinforced blend showed decreasing of hardness values after immersion samples in to both above solutions
It is found that in spite of there is increment in temperatures and immersion times in (NAOH) that is consider as a corrosion media to polymers there is decreases in wear rate specially at percentage (30%Sic).

Evaluate the Performance of the System Thermal Evaporatingin Vacuum for Metal Type Varian USA

Alaa A. Abdul- Hameed; Saria D. M.Al-Algawi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 76-82

Evaporation method was used in order to prepare films of pure gold on substrate of n –Si (111) and studied the influence at different parameters deposition, such as the weight of the material used (gold) , the weight of coating deposited , the effect of each of the temperature annealing , deposition rate , thickness coatings deposited, as well as the study of open porosity.
The results showed an increase in the thickness of coating with the increasing of the weight of the material used and these are different deposition ,sedimentation rates. A decrease in the open porosity with increase temperature annealing. A decrease in the density of the coating deposited with the increase in thickness due to a decrease in the stacking layers deposited.
It was concluded that the efficiency of the deposited equal to 94 % for the system, and that the system can deposition coatings thickness of gold ranges from (0-7.5μm).

Studing Some Effective Parameter on The Dielectric Properties of Composite Materials Containing of Un Saturated Polyester Resin

Anaam Wadi Watan; Suad Hammed Aleabi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2015, Volume 33, Issue 3, Pages 83-90

The studyof dielectric constant (єr) and the dielectric strength (Ebr) of the composite materials consist of the unsaturated polyester resin reinforced with aluminum powder and unsaturated polyester resin reinforced with aluminum powder and the copper oxide .The composites were made in different weight fraction (5%,10%,15).
The results showed that dielectric strength decreases with thickness increase and decrease with the weight fraction. But the dielectric constant decrease with the frequency increase and increase with the weight fraction increase.