Print ISSN: 1681-6900

Online ISSN: 2412-0758

Volume 36, Issue 1B

Volume 36, Issue 1B, January 2018

Text File Hiding Randomly Using Secret Sharing Scheme

Yossra H. Ali; Hussein J. Mankhi

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.1

Exchange of information through the channels of communication can be
unsafe. Communication media are not safe to send sensitive information so it is
necessary to provide the protection of information from disclosure to unauthorized
persons. This research presented the method to information security is done
through information hiding into the cover image using a least significant bit (LSB)
technique, where a text file is encrypted using a secret sharing scheme. Then,
generating positions to hiding information in a random manner of cover image,
which is difficult to predict hiding in the image-by-image analysis or statistical
analyzes. Where it provides two levels of information security through encryption
of a text file using the secret sharing and the generating random positions of hiding.
This method has been in hiding a text file and recovered without loss of
information, as well as not noticing any deformation of the image. Where it was
hiding a text file size of 20 KB in image cover (250x250) pixels, the result of MSE
is 0.696 and PSNR is 49.211.

Re-Use of Glass Wool Fiber as New Composite Polyester System

Raghad U. Abass

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 7-11
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.2

Four different ratios of composites were prepared by varying the
wool glass, at different additive weight percentages (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6 wt. %)
in order to study the effect of glass wool reinforcement on mechanical and
chemical properties of GW-reinforced polyester composites. The vacuum
bagging technique was adopted for the fabrication of hybrid composite
materials. Afterword many mechanical properties as hardness, impact
resistance, and compression resistance for these hybrid composites were
evaluated according ASTM Standards. The mechanical properties were
improved as the fibers reinforcement content increased in the matrix
material. The chemical properties were improved as increased the weight of
glass wool. The chemical and mechanical properties have been increased
for maximum value when glass wool fiber has reached 0.6% wt.

Preparation and Investigation of Flexural Strength and Impact Strength for Nano Hybrid Composite Materials of the Tri- Polymeric Blend used in Structural Applications

Sihama I. Salih; Wleed B. Salih; Mustafa S. Mohammed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 12-24
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.3

Current work is aimed to preparation the nanocomposites laminates
of low density and good durability to use in structural applications. So, in this
paper, the preparation and compare of some mechanical properties of two
groups of tri-polymer blends composites consisting of ((93% unsaturated
polyester resin (UP)+(5%PMMA) (Poly methyl methacrylate)+2%NR
(Natural Rubber)) as the matrix materials. Added the reinforce materials
(silica (SiO2) and zirconia (ZrO2) nanoparticles) individually, with different
volume fraction of (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5%) to the ternary polymer blends according
to the following formula:- [((100-X) (93%UP)+2%NR+5%PMMA): (X%SiO2
or X% ZrO2)] The first group is composed of matrix material reinforced with
zirconia (ZrO2) nanoparticles with average diameter of nanoparticles
(56.88nm) and the second group is composed of matrix material reinforced
with silica (SiO2) nanoparticles with average diameter of nanoparticles
(24.59nm). Then used as a matrix material for the preparation of hybrid
laminar composites materials, reinforcement with one and two layers of
woven carbon fibers The research included the study of the influence of
volume fraction of nanoparticles on some of mechanical and physical
properties like flexural strength, flexural modulus impact strength, and impact
fracture toughness, in addition to test infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and all of
these tests were carried out at laboratory temperature. Search results have
shown that the values of (flexural modulus and impact strength and fracture
toughness) increases with the increase of the nanoparticles ratios in polymer
blend nano composite of prepared samples. While flexural strength value
decreases with the increase in the volume fraction of nanoparticles in polymer
blend nano composite. The fracture energy of the of hybrid laminar
composites is higher than those containing only the nanoparticles powders.
Morphology test by scanning electron microscope indicates that a good
adhesion or interfacial interactions between the Nano powders particles,
carbon fibers and components of ternary polymer blend. Which results in
higher the carbon fibers efficiency factor, and hence higher mechanical
strength. So, the hybrid laminar nano composites, which appear high flexural
modulus and impact strength and fracture toughness, can be foreseen to
provide valuable contribution to high performance structural applications.

Proposed Video Watermarking Algorithm based on Edge or Corner Regions

Nidaa F. Hassan; Rusul N. Abbas

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 25-32
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.4

In this research, a watermark algorithm is proposed to embed a secret
message in a digital video. The proposed algorithm exploits edges and corners
regions in images, to be hosts for hiding secret bits. Embedding in these regions
is consider optimal since these regions featuring with colors variation, so
embedding will not effect on uniform distribution of colors, and on transparency
requirement. The process of embedding and extracting watermarked massage is
implemented by decomposition digital video to several images (frames), then
selecting the edges and corners regions to be host locations, Least Significant
Bit (LSB) techniques are used to embed watermarked message in images of
digital video. Investigations results proved that number of hidden bits in corner
region is small in comparison with edges regions, but it is harder to detect. Text
message before embedded in video frames is encrypted by Advanced Encryption
Algorithm (AES) to increase security and robustness of watermarking process.

Effects of Electrode Geometry on Energy Transfer Characteristics of Electrolytic Cells Used for Production of Metallic Nanostructures

Noor I. Naji

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 33-36
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.5

In this work, the effects of geometries of stainless steel electrodes used in
electrolytic analysis cells were studied. These cells are used for preparation of
metallic nanostructures. These effects can be observed by studying energy transfer
characteristics of electrolytic cell as the electric field and current density are
determined by its electrode geometry. Four electrode geometries were used in this

Theoretical Study of comparative between the speed of penetration and cutting using a laser beam

Ekhlas J. Mahmood

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 37-43
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.6

This research is devoted to study the effect of a laser beam
power TEA-CO2 , Nd- YAG laser, and thermal properties of the materials
when it is constant once and varying another once with the time on the
penetration and cutting speeds. It is concluded that the processes of
penetration and cutting by using laser Nd-YAG is the best comparative
with using of laser TEA-CO2, penetration speeds when (P = P0, C = C0,
and ρ = ρ0) by using laser Nd-YAG greater than penetration speeds by
using of laser TEA-CO2 by 15.5 approximately while penetration speeds
when (P = P(t), C = C0, and ρ = ρ0) by using laser Nd-YAG greater than
penetration speeds by using of laser TEA-CO2 by 8.519 approximately. In
addition, the temperature of the evaporation of material plays an
important role in the processes of penetration and cutting and whenever
temperature of the evaporation of material less the cutting and
penetration speeds are greater. (MATLAB 8) program was implemented
for all simulation processes are related.

C-Reactive Protein as a Marker in the Iraq Patients with Poisoning Thyroid Gland Disease

Maryam D. Kamel; Abbas A. Mohammed; Ali A. Ibrahim

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 44-47
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.7

The present study aimed to investigate the possibility of using Creactive
protein (CRP) and the level of CRP in serum sample as a marker
for patients with poisoning thyroid gland disease. In addition, the
relationship between inflammation and poisoning thyroid gland. About 21
of serum samples were examined from patients with poisoning thyroid gland
(aged between 14 and 60 years old). Qualitative test was done to detect the
presence of CRP in the patient’s serum. The qualitative test showed that
21(100%) patients with poisoning thyroid gland give positive result to CRP.
The HPLC analysis done to determine the concentration of CRP in patient's
serum. The HPLC analysis showed that the level of concentration for CRP
in serum between (6.4-9.49mg/l). According to the results of the present,
the significant changes in the levels of CRP for the patients with thyroid
disorders observed in current study confirm that inflammation has an
important role on pathogenesis of thyroid dysfunctions regardless of their
thyroid dysfunction type. As well as the present study shown that, the CRP
is a useful marker for patients with poisoning thyroid gland.

Propose an Arabic CAPTCHA System based on Chaotic Maps

Mariam T. Sulaiman; Nidaa F. Hassan

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 48-52
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.8

CAPTCHA is the facility that prevents web bots from accessing
the web services by generating tests to check whether the user is human or
computer program. In this paper, a new pseudo-random bits generator based
on chaotic system is offered to generate Arabic letters and numbers for
CAPTCHA system. The proposed generator uses two Jacobian elliptic
Chebyshev rational maps that are combined in the algorithm to produce a
block of 32bits in each iteration. A specified number of bits are selected from
the resulted blocks to be converted to a set of Arabic letters and numbers.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) statistical test suite
are used to assess the generator randomness, all tests has been passed except
Longest Run of Ones in a Block Test, Binary Matrix Rank Test and Random
Excursions Test.

Optical and Structural Properties of (In2O3:ZnO:Au) Nanocomposite Thin Films Prepared by Spray Pyrolysis Method

Abdul Hadi K. Judran; Farah T.M. Noori; Nawres D. Hamza

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 53-58
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.9

Indium Oxide (In2O3) and Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were
mixed carefully with gold nanoparticles, which were synthesis, by turkevich
method. By using the method of spray pyrolysis different concentrations
(5:5:0 ml, 5:4:1 ml, 5:3:2 ml, 5:2:3 ml, 5:1:4 ml and 5:0:5 ml) from these
chemical compounds were used to preformed nanocomposite thin films of
thickness of (250-300) nm. The structural properties were studied for all
nanocomposite thin film samples with different concentrations. The existence
of Miller indices conforms to (211), (222), (400), (333), (440) and (622) major
lattice planes of the cubic spinel phase of In2O3 at 2θ =20.17, 33, 44.66, 50.95,
59.02, 72.48 and 73.12. While secondary lattice planes of (100) and (002) of
ZnO at 2θ = 31.5582 and 34.1617, also lattice planes of (111) and (200) of
Au were found at 2θ = 38.5799 and 45.6016. The work also extended to study
the optical properties, which included the transmission spectrum, absorption
spectrum, absorption coefficient, attenuation coefficient and estimation of
optical energy gap for all samples. The results of optical properties were
clearly demonstrated that the increasing of gold concentration is decreasing
the transmission, and decreasing the optical band gap from 3.10 to 3.05 eV,
but increasing the absorption coefficient and attenuation coefficient. Finally
The real and imaginary part of dielectric constant of (In2O3:ZnO:Au)
nanocomposite thin film with different concentrations decrease with

Transesterification of Castor Oil by Using Methanol and Ethanol (50/50) Mixture

Muna M. Khudhair; Sajeda A. Husain; Zahraa M. Jassim; Shefaa M. Salih

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 59-63
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.10

Biodiesel is gaining considerable attention as a renewable source
of energy, as an alternative to petroleum fuel and can be used in engine
without modification in this paper, the profile of preparation of fatty acid
methyl ethyl ester from castor oil via a base-catalyzed transesterification was
investigated.. The variables chosen for the study were reaction time, oil to
(methanol and ethanol) mixture ratio, and reaction temperature at constant
concentration of KOH(catalyst) .The effects of these variables on viscosity and
specific gravity were studied.

Antioxidant activity of Linalool

Majid S. Jabir; Ali A. Taha; Usama I. Sahib

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 64-67
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.11

In recent years, Essential oils from their various aromatic plants had
been reported to be used in treating of many types of cancer due to their antitumor
activity. In addition, numerous studies had investigated the highest capability of
chemopreventive phytochemicals compound to act as anticancer drugs. In the
present research, the antioxidant activity of Linalool on free radicals compounds
was studied. The Antioxidant activity was performed using two methods, DPPH
and Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) Scavenging Capacity. The DPPH scavenging
activity demonstrated that Linalool had antioxidant activity comparing with
ascorbic acid. Linalool demonstrated moderate antioxidant activity with
50.57471% compared with ascorbic acid that showed 86%. Meanwhile, H2O2
scavenging capacity methods investigated that Linalool exhibited moderate
scavenging activity 56.36% comparing with ascorbic acid that showed 65%. The
results of this study investigated that the Linalool can be used as easily accessible
source of natural antioxidants. It can able to be used in the treating several types
of cancers as a result of antioxidant activity of it.

Assessment of Some Heavy Metal Concentrations in Drilling Mud samples in Az Zubair Oil Field, Basra, Iraq

Sahar A. Amin; Abdul Hamid M. J. Al- Obiady; Rana R. Alani; Athmar A. Al-Mashhady

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 68-75
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.12

Analysis of eight heavy metal concentrations (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn,
Ni, Pb and Zn) of 14 drilling mud samples collected from oil well at different
depths which is located in AZ Zubair oil field-Basra was done in this study .
The samples were measured using atomic absorption spectrophotometry.
Obtained results indicated that the heavy metal concentrations range from the
lowest value of 1.66mg/kg for Cd to the highest value of 1235.86mg/kg for
Fe. The abundance trend for the heavy metals concentration was in the
descending order of Fe, Mn, Ni, Cu, Cr, Zn, Pb, and Cd. Four parameters:
Enrichment Factor (EF), Contamination Factor (CF), Geo-accumulation
Index (Igeo) and Pollution Load Index (PLI) were assessed in order to
evaluate the degree of contamination.

Analysis of Image Noise Reduction Using Neural Network

Mohanad N. Abdulwahed

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 76-87
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.13

Noise adding methods (impulse and Gaussian) are using in this
work, adding this type of noise employ to mensuration the image quality as
result, therefore transform of (RGB) colors to another type of color
impersonation that easy to deal with it, also sensitivity of human eyes to detect
the colors. Applying Noise reduction (mean method, mode method, median
method) ,By using a test image, we demonstrate that the filtering structure
yields an output image which is significantly better than those of median,
weighted median .The program of this work is written with Delphi Language,
which have some flexibility to deal with image that's not found in other
language. The great feature of this language and the ability to process the
image in memory (so the processing will be faster and easier), easy to access
the parameters through the subroutines (however the size of it), showing the
stored images that in memory to the displayer through one instruction.

Generalized Dependent Elements of Generalized Reverse Derivation on Semiprime Rings

Shaimaa Yass

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 88-92
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.14

Let R be an associative ring, and Š:RR be a map, if there exists
an element eR such that Š(u)e= [u,e]e, for every uR, in this case e is called
Generalized Dependent Element of Š, and Ğ-D(Š) denote the set of all
Generalized Dependent Elements of Š. In this paper the result proved, let R be
semiprime ring, and F : RR is a generalized reverse derivation, related with
derivation d, then eĞ-D(F), iff, eZ(R) and eF(u) =0 for every uR.

Effect of Laser Pulses on Characterization of Zincoxide Thin Film Prepared by PLD

Suaad S. Shaker; Asma H. Mohammed; Majid S. Khalaf

Engineering and Technology Journal, 2018, Volume 36, Issue 1B, Pages 93-98
DOI: 10.30684/etj.36.1B.15

In this work, ZnO thin films have been deposition using pulsed laser
deposition (PLD) method on glass and Si (111) substrates at different laser
pulsed. Some properties of ZnO thin films were studied, the results of XRD
explain Zinc oxidethin films with hexagonal wurtzite structure with thickness
about 155and 200 nm. FTIR spectrum shows the existence of Zn – O bond that
appear the texture of ZnOnanostructures. The root mean square of thin films
were explained with the range 8.31–15.2 nm with particle size about 41.6 -
45.41and was only slightly dependent on number of laser pulses. Zinc oxide thin
films showed transmittance of over 80% .The photovoltaic characteristics
indicated an increase the short circuit current-open circuit voltage with
illumination power as increased number of laser pulses resulted increasing of
film thickness.